Information Processing (Cognitive Processing)

cognitive psychology

cognitive psychology, school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. It had its foundations in the Gestalt psychology of Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, and Kurt Koffka, and in the work of Jean Piaget, who studied intellectual development in children. Cognitive psychologists are interested in how people understand, diagnose, and solve problems, concerning themselves with the mental processes which mediate between stimulus and response. Cognitive theory contends that solutions to problems take the form of algorithms—rules that are not necessarily understood but promise a solution, or heuristics—rules that are understood but that do not always guarantee solutions. In other instances, solutions may be found through insight, a sudden awareness of relationships. Cognitive psychologists have tried to reach a greater understanding of human memory (see memory) and language. In recent years, cognitive psychology has become associated with information processing, which examines artificial intelligence in computers to find out whether they are capable of problem solving in ways similar to humans. Information processing theory studies the parallels between the human brain and the computer, in the ways that both can receive, process, store, and retrieve information.

See A. J. Sanford, Cognition and Cognitive Psychology (1986); H. L. Pick, P. Van den Broek, and D. C. Knill, ed., Cognition: Conceptual and Methodological Issues (1992).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Information Processing (Cognitive Processing): Selected full-text books and articles

The Orienting Response in Information Processing By Evgeny N. Sokolov; John A. Spinks; Risto Nänen; Heikki Lyytinen Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002
Cognition in a Digital World By Herre Van Oostendorp Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003
Uncovering the Nature of Information Processing of Men and Women Online: The Comparison of Two Models Using the Think-Aloud Method By Arcand, Manon; Nantel, Jacques Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, August 2012
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Four Guiding Principles for Research on Evolved Information Processing Traits and Technology-Mediated Task Performance By Kock, Ned; Chatelain-Jardón, Ruth Journal of the Association for Information Systems, Vol. 12, No. 10, October 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
An Empirical Test of Social Information Processing Theory and Emotions in Violent Situations By Bowen, Kendra N.; Roberts, Jennifer J.; Kocian, Eric J.; Bartula, Aaron Western Criminology Review, Vol. 15, No. 1, April 2014
Automatic Emotional Information Processing and the Cortisol Response to Acute Psychosocial Stress By Ellenbogen, Mark A.; Carson, Robyn J.; Pishva, Rana Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 10, No. 1, March 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Effects of Video-Game Play on Information Processing: A Meta-Analytic Investigation By Powers, Kasey L.; Brooks, Patricia J.; Aldrich, Naomi J.; Palladino, Melissa A.; Alfieri, Louis Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, Vol. 20, No. 6, December 2013
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Capacity Limits of Information Processing in the Brain By Marois, Rene Phi Kappa Phi Forum, Vol. 85, No. 1, Spring 2005
Levels of Cognitive Development By Tracy S. Kendler Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Three "Developmental Trends in Information Processing"
Cognition, Information Processing, and Psychophysics: Basic Issues By Hans-Georg Geissler; Stephen W. Link; James T. Townsend Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1992
Attention and Information Processing in Infants and Adults: Perspectives from Human and Animal Research By Byron A. Campbell; Harlene Hayne; Rick Richardson Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1992
Implicit and Explicit Mental Processes By Craig Speelman; Angela O'Brien-Malone; Mike Anderson; Murray Maybery; Colin MacLeod; Kim Kirsner Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Information-Processing Theories of Intelligence" begins on p. 173
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