dyslexia (dĬslĕk´sēə), in psychology, a developmental disability in reading or spelling, generally becoming evident in early schooling. To a dyslexic, letters and words may appear reversed, e.g., d seen as b or was seen as saw. Many dyslexics never learn to read or write effectively, although they tend to show above average intelligence in other areas. With the aid of computerized brain scans such as positron emission tomography (PET), recent studies have offered strong evidence that dyslexia is located in the brain. Damage to the brain can cause a reading disability similar to dyslexia, known as acquired dyslexia or alexia.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Dyslexia: Selected full-text books and articles

An Introduction to Dyslexia for Parents and Professionals
Alan M. Hultquist.
Jessica Kingsley, 2006
Dyslexia: A Practitioner's Handbook
Gavin Reid.
Wiley, 2003 (3rd edition)
Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention
Nancy Mather; Barbara J. Wendling.
Wiley, 2012
Dyslexia in the Workplace: An Introductory Guide
Diana Bartlett; Sylvia Moody; Katherine Kindersley.
Wiley-Blackwell, 2010 (2nd edition)
Dyslexia and Alternative Therapies
Maria Chivers.
Jessica Kingsley, 2006
Day-to-Day Dyslexia in the Classroom
Joy Pollock; Elisabeth Waller; Rody Politt.
RoutledgeFalmer, 2004 (2nd edition)
What Educators Really Believe about Dyslexia
Wadlington, Elizabeth M.; Wadlington, Patrick L.
Reading Improvement, Vol. 42, No. 1, Spring 2005
Children at Risk of Dyslexia: Early Identification and Intervention
Bogdanowicz, Marta.
Psychology Science, Vol. 45, January 1, 2003
Dyslexia in Adults: Education and Employment
Gavin Reid; Jane Kirk.
Wiley, 2001
Foundations of Reading Acquisition and Dyslexia: Implications for Early Intervention
Benita A. Blachman.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997
Living with Dyslexia: The Social and Emotional Consequences of Specific Learning Difficulties
Barbara Riddick.
Routledge, 1996
Adult Dyslexia: A Guide for the Workplace
Gary Fitzgibbon; Brian O'Connor.
Wiley, 2002
Dyslexia: A Complete Guide for Parents and Those Who Help Them
Gavin Reid.
Wiley-Blackwell, 2011 (2nd edition)
Practical Strategies for Living with Dyslexia
Maria Chivers.
Jessica Kingsley, 2001
International Book of Dyslexia: A Cross-Language Comparison and Practice Guide
Ian Smythe; John Everatt; Robin Salter.
Wiley, 2004
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