Narcissism

narcissism (närsĬs´Ĭzəm), Freudian term, drawn from the Greek myth of Narcissus, indicating an exclusive self-absorption. In psychoanalysis, narcissism is considered a normal stage in the development of children. It is known as secondary narcissism when it occurs after puberty, and is said to indicate a libidinal energy directed exclusively toward oneself. A degree of narcissism is considered normal, where an individual has a healthy self-regard and realistic aspirations. The condition becomes pathological, and diagnosable as a personality disorder, when it significantly impairs social functioning. An individual with narcissistic personality disorder tends to harbor an exaggerated sense of his own self-importance and uniqueness. He is often excessively occupied with fantasies about his own attributes and potential for success, and usually depends upon others for reinforcement of his self-image. A narcissist tends to have difficulties maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships, stemming largely from a lack of empathy and a propensity for taking advantage of others in the interest of self-aggrandizement. It is often found in combination with antisocial personality disorder.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Narcissism: Selected full-text books and articles

In the Gaze of Narcissus: Memory, Affects, and Creativity By Mauro Mancia; Sania Sharawi Lanfranchi Karnac Books, 1993
From Obstacle to Ally: The Evolution of Psychoanalytic Practice By Judith M. Hughes Brunner-Routledge, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Narcissism: Megalomania"
The XYZ of Psychoanalysis: Epilogue to a Great Beginning By Harold Feldman Praeger Publishers, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VI "Narcissism, Where Health and Madness Lie" and Chap. VII "Some Miscarriages of Narcissism in Analysis"
Relatedness, Self-Definition, and Mental Representation: Essays in Honor of Sidney J. Blatt By John S. Auerbach; Kenneth N. Levy; Carrie E. Schaffer Brunner-Routledge, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 16 "Narcissism as a Clinical and Social Phenomenon"
The Rorschach Assessment of Aggressive and Psychopathic Personalities By Carl B. Gacono; J. Reid Meloy Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "The Reflection Response"
On Building, Defending, and Regulating the Self: A Psychological Perspective By Abraham Tesser; Joanne V. Wood; Diederick A. Stapel Psychology Press, 2005
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Reflections in Troubled Waters: Narcissism and the Vicissitudes of and Interpersonally Contextualized Self"
Egotopia: Narcissism and the New American Landscape By John Miller University of Alabama Press, 1997
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator
Author Advanced search

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.