Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

anxiety

anxiety, anticipatory tension or vague dread persisting in the absence of a specific threat. In contrast to fear, which is a realistic reaction to actual danger, anxiety is generally related to an unconscious threat. Physiological symptoms of anxiety include increases in pulse rate and blood pressure, accelerated breathing rates, perspiration, muscular tension, dryness of the mouth, and diarrhea. Freud postulated that anxiety was a result of repressed, pent-up sexual energy, but later came to view it as a danger signal alerting the ego to excessive stimulation and causing repression. Anxiety disorders include observable, overt anxiety, as well as phobias and other conditions where a defense mechanism has been set up to disguise the anxiety from both the sufferer and the observer. In generalized anxiety, the individual experiences long-term anxiety with no explanation for its cause; such a condition may be called free-floating, since it is not linked to a specific stimulus. Panic disorder involves sudden anxiety attacks which are manifested in heart palpitations, shortness of breath, or fainting. The individual with a phobic disorder can identify the stimulus that causes anxiety: such stimuli as enclosed space, heights, and crowds become imbued with greatly exaggerated anxiety and are carefully avoided by the phobic individual. Obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) are characterized by obsessions (mental quandries) and compulsions (physical actions) that engage the individual excessively. Extreme anxiety may be experienced if the person does not carry out the compulsion or attempts to ignore the obsession. Post-traumatic stress disorder occurs when an individual has recurrent dreams, flashbacks, or panic attacks after a particularly traumatic experience.

See D. F. Klein, Anxiety (1987); D. H. Barlow, Anxiety and Its Disorders (1988); S. J. Rachman, Fear and Courage (1990).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Selected full-text books and articles

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder By Mario Maj; Norman Sartorius; Ahmed Okasha; Joseph Zohar Wiley, 2002
Obsession: A History By Lennard J. Davis University of Chicago Press, 2008
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Practical Guide By Naomi Fineberg; Donatella Marazziti; Dan J. Stein Martin Dunitz, 2001
Evidence-Based Treatment for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder By Brauer, Lindsay; Lewin, Adam B.; Storch, Eric A The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, Vol. 48, No. 4, October 1, 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Evidence-Based Treatments By Ravindran, Arun V.; da Silva, Tricia L.; Ravindran, Lakshmi N.; Richter, Margaret A.; Rector, Neil A Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 54, No. 5, May 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Broader Framework By Doron, Guy; Moulding, Richard The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, Vol. 46, No. 4, October 1, 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
How Are Dysfunctional Beliefs Related to Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms? By Taylor, Steven; Coles, Meredith E.; Abramowitz, Jonathan S.; Wu, Kevin D.; Olatunji, Bunmi O.; Timpano, Kiara R.; McKay, Dean; Kim, Se-Kang; Carmin, Cheryl; Tolin, David F Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 24, No. 3, October 1, 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Parenting and Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms: Implications of Authoritarian Parenting By Timpano, Kiara R.; Keough, Meghan E.; Mahaffey, Brittain; Schmidt, Norman B.; Abramowitz, Jonathan Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 24, No. 3, October 1, 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
"We Do Not See Things as They Are, We See Them as We Are": A Multidimensional Worldview Model of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder By Doron, Guy; Kyrios, Michael; Moulding, Richard; Nedeljkovic, Maja; Bhar, Sunil Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 21, No. 3, January 1, 2007
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Phobic and Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents: A Clinician's Guide to Effective Psychosocial and Pharmacological Interventions By Thomas H. Ollendick; John S. March Oxford University Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 13 "Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder"
Mental Health Handbook for Schools By Mary Atkinson; Garry Hornby Routledge/Falmer, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder"
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