Edward C. Tolman

Tolman, Edward Chace

Edward Chace Tolman, 1886–1959, American psychologist, b. West Newton, Mass., grad. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1911; Ph. D. Harvard, 1915. He spent most of his academic career at the Univ. of California, Berkeley, where he taught psychology (1918–54). His approach to human behavior involved a synthesis of Gestalt psychology and behaviorism, focusing on an entire, goal-directed action, including both muscular responses and the cognitive processes which direct them. The first to selectively breed rats for high and low maze-solving abilities, Tolman wrote Purposive Behavior in Animals and Men (1932, repr. 1967), and Drives Toward War (1942).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Edward C. Tolman: Selected full-text books and articles

Collected Papers in Psychology By Edward Chace Tolman University of California Press, 1951
Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology By Gregory A. Kimble; Michael Wertheimer; Charlotte White American Psychological Association, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Edward Chace Tolman: A Life of Scientific and Social Purpose"
Foundations of Conditioning and Learning By Gregory A. Kimble Appleton Century Crofts, 1967
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "The Objectivist Climate: Bechterev, Watson, and Tolman" and Chap. 13 "The Determiners of Behavior at a Choice Point" by Edward C. Tolman
Readings in Learning By Lawrence M. Stolurow Prentice-Hall, 1953
Librarian’s tip: "There Is More Than One Kind of Learning" by Edward C. Tolman begins on p. 62 and "Social Learning" by Edward C. Tolman begins on p. 329
Contemporary Learning Theories: Pavlovian Conditioning and the Status of Traditional Learning Theory By Stephen B. Klein; Robert R. Mowrer Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1989
Librarian’s tip: "Tolman's Expectancy Theory" begins on p. 8
Systems and Theories of Psychology By J. P. Chaplin; T. S. Krawiec Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1962 (3rd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Tolman's Purposive Behavior" begins on p. 250
The Explanation of Human Behaviour By F. V. Smith Constable, 1951
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XI "The System of E. C. Tolman"
Historical Perspectives and the International Status of Comparative Psychology By Ethel Tobach; International Society for Comparative Psychology Conference 1983, Toronto, Ont Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Edward C. Tolman: Comparative Psychologist?"
Topics in the History of Psychology By Gregory A. Kimble; Kurt Schlesinger Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, vol.1, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "Tolman" begins on p. 48
War: Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology By Leon Bramson; George W. Goethals Basic Books, 1968
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Drives toward War" by Edward C. Tolman
Twentieth Century Psychology: Recent Developments in Psychology By Philip Lawrence Harriman Philosophical Library, 1946
Librarian’s tip: "Identification and the Post-war World" by Edward C. Tolman begins on p. 119
Reinforcement: An Enduring Problem in Psychology Selected Readings By Robert C. Birney; Richard C. Teevan Van Nostrand, 1961
Librarian’s tip: "Equal Reinforcements in Both End-Boxes, Followed by Shock in One End-Box" by Edward C. Tolman and Henry Gleitman begins on p. 61
Behaviorism: A Conceptual Reconstruction By G. E. Zuriff Columbia University Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "Tolman" begins on p. 254
Contemporary Schools of Psychology By Robert S. Woodworth Ronald Press, 1948 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Edward C. Tolman begins on p. 103
Approaches to Cognition: Contrasts and Controversies By Terry J. Knapp; Lynn C. Robertson Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Edward C. Tolman begins on p. 112
Handbook of Contemporary Learning Theories By Robert R. Mowrer; Stephen B. Klein Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Edward C. Tolman begins on p. 11
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