Robert Yerkes

Yerkes, Robert Mearns

Robert Mearns Yerkes (yûr´kēz), 1876–1956, American psychologist, b. Bucks co., Pa., grad. Harvard (B.A. 1898; Ph.D.1902). He taught (1902–17) at Harvard, served (1919–24) on the National Research Council, and held a post as professor of psychobiology at Yale (1924–44). He also founded (1929) and directed the Yale Laboratories of Primate Biology (renamed the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology in 1942) at Orange Park, Fla. He is known for his work in comparative psychology, the experimental study of animal behavior, and his research in psychobiology. His works include The Mental Life of Monkeys and Apes (1916, repr. 1979), The Mind of a Gorilla (2 parts, 1926–27), The Great Apes (with Ada Yerkes, 1929), and Chimpanzees (1943).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Robert Yerkes: Selected full-text books and articles

Psychological Testing and American Society, 1890-1913
Michael M. Sokal.
Rutgers University Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Robert M. Yerkes and the Mental Testing Movement"
Historical Perspectives and the International Status of Comparative Psychology
Ethel Tobach; International Society for Comparative Psychology Conference 1983, Toronto, Ont.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Robert M. Yerkes and the Comparative Method"
Feral Children and Clever Animals: Reflections on Human Nature
Douglas Keith Candland.
Oxford University Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Enter Yerkes" begins on p. 172
Neurobehavioral Plasticity: Learning, Development, and Response to Brain Insults
Norman E. Spear; Linda P. Spear; Michael L. Woodruff.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Yerkes Primate Research Center: A Historical Perspective"
Motivation of Behavior: The Fundamental Determinants of Human and Animal Activity
Paul Thomas Young.
John Wiley & Sons, 1936
Librarian’s tip: "The Yerkes-Dodson Law" begins on p. 280
The Intelligence Men: Makers of the IQ Controversy
Raymond E. Fancher.
W. W. Norton, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Rise of Intelligence Testing"
Biographical Dictionary of Psychology
Leonard Zusne.
Greenwood Press, 1984
Librarian’s tip: "Yerkes, Robert Mearns" begins on p. 473
The Mismeasure of Man
Stephen Jay Gould.
W. W. Norton, 1996 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: "R. M. Yerkes and the Army Mental Tests: IQ Comes of Age Psychology's Great Leap Forward" begins on p. 222
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