Homeless Children

homelessness

homelessness, the condition of not having a permanent place to live, widely perceived as a societal problem only beginning in the 1980s. Figures for the number of homeless people in the United States are imprecise, but it was estimated that 700,000 people were homeless per night in the late 1990s and 610,000 per night in the early 2010s. A survey made in 1994 found that 12 million Americans had experienced homelessness at some point in their lives. The vast majority of those who are homeless consists of single men and families with children. The problem exists in all major cities and many smaller communities. The causes range from large-scale deinstitutionalization of mentally ill people to disintegration of the social fabric in minority communities, drug and alcohol abuse, relatively stagnant wages at lower income levels, cutbacks in federal social-welfare programs, job loss, reductions in public housing, and rent increases and real-estate speculation. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (1987) established federal support for the building and maintenance of emergency homeless shelters. The Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act (2009) focused greater emphasis on homelessness prevention and continuing efforts to eliminate chronic homelessness. Among the efforts to reduce chronic homelessness, which involves people with disabling behavioral or health conditions who experience repeated or prolonged periods of homelessness, is the Housing First program, which emphasizes placing in homeless into housing with some support before requiring. for example, treatment for addiction; the program represents a reversal of the typical earlier approach.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Homeless Children: Selected full-text books and articles

Homeless Children: Problems and Needs By Panos Vostanis; Stuart Cumella Jessica Kingsley, 1999
The State of Homeless Children in the United States By Kabler, Brenda; Weinstein, Elana National Association of School Psychologists. Communique, Vol. 38, No. 4, December 2009
Homelessness among Students By Curriculum Review, Vol. 51, No. 3, November 2011
Substance Abuse Disorders among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents By Johnson, Kurt D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R Journal of Drug Issues, Vol. 35, No. 4, Fall 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Victimization and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Runaway and Homeless Adolescents By Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Johnson, Kurt D.; Chen, Xiaojin Violence and Victims, Vol. 22, No. 6, January 1, 2007
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Answering the Call: Facilitating Responsive Services for Students Experiencing Homelessness By Grothaus, Tim; Lorelle, Sonya; Anderson, Kie; Knight, Jasmine Professional School Counseling, Vol. 14, No. 3, February 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Helping Youths on the Streets: What One Shelter Has Learned from Years of Experience By Prewitt, Lenard D Behavioral Healthcare, Vol. 26, No. 5, May 2006
Gender Differences in Victimized Homeless Adolescents By Johnson, Regina Jones; Rew, Lynn; Kouzekanani, Kamiar Adolescence, Vol. 41, No. 161, Spring 2006
Homelessness Comes to School: How Homeless Children and Youths Can Succeed By Murphy, Joseph F.; Tobin, Kerri J Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 93, No. 3, November 2011
Short- and Long-Term Homelessness and Adolescents' Self-Esteem, Depression, Locus of Control and Social Supports By Saade, Rachel; Winkelman, Cecelia Australian Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 37, No. 4, November 2002
Braving the Street: The Anthropology of Homelessness By Irene Glasser; Rae Bridgman Berghahn Books, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Homeless Children" begins on p. 23
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