dharma (där´mə). In Hinduism, dharma is the doctrine of the religious and moral rights and duties of each individual; it generally refers to religious duty, but may also mean social order, right conduct, or simply virtue. Sacred law is the codification of dharma, and Hinduism itself is also called Sanatana Dharma [the eternal dharma]. In Buddhism, dharma has two distinct meanings: it refers to religious truth, namely Buddhist teaching as the highest truth; it is also used as a technical term to denote a constituent element of experience, or any existing thing or phenomenon.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Dharma: Selected full-text books and articles

Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma By Kumarajava; Leon Hurvitz Columbia University Press, 1976
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Fundamentals of Mainstream Buddhism By Eric Cheetham Charles E. Tuttle, 1994
Librarian's tip: Part Three "The Dharma: Ends, Means, and Views"
Ideas of Social Order in the Ancient World By Vilho Harle Greenwood Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. 4 "Dharma and Caste as the Basis of Social Order"
Major World Religions: From Their Origins to the Present By Lloyd Ridgeon RoutledgeCurzon, 2003
Librarian's tip: "Dharma: Norms of Conduct" begins on p. 40
Hinduism By R. C. Zaehner Oxford University Press, 1966 (2nd edition)
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "Dharma"
Westward Dharma: Buddhism beyond Asia By Charles S. Prebish; Martin Baumann University of California Press, 2002
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