catholic church

catholic church [Gr.,=universal], the body of Christians, living and dead, considered as an organization. The word catholic was first used c.110 to describe the Church by St. Ignatius of Antioch. In speaking of the time before the Reformation in Western Europe, Catholic is technically used to mean orthodox (i.e., those who accept the tradition as mediated by the Roman Church). Today in English it usually means the Roman Catholic Church. Protestants use the word catholic in its original sense to designate the Christian Church taken as a whole.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Catholicism: Selected full-text books and articles

What Does It Mean to Be Catholic? By Jack Mulder Jr William B. Eerdmans, 2015
The Blackwell Companion to Catholicism By James J. Buckley; Frederick Christian Bauerschmidt; Trent Pomplun Wiley-Blackwell, 2011
Understanding Catholicism By Monika K. Hellwig Paulist Press, 1981
Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity By Gerald O'Collins; Mario Farrugia Oxford University Press, 2003
Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church By Richard A. Schoenherr; David Yamane Oxford University Press, 2002
The Religions of Democracy: Judaism, Catholicism, Protestantism in Creed and Life By Louis Findelstein; J. Elliot Ross; William Adams Brown Devin-Adair, 1941
Roman Catholicism and the American Way of Life By Thomas T. McAvoy University of Notre Dame Press, 1960
The Catholic Counterculture in America, 1933-1962 By James Terence Fisher University of North Carolina Press, 1989
Catholic Viewpoint on Church and State By Jerome G. Kerwin Hanover House, 1960
Catholicism By George Brantl George Braziller, 1962
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