Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost [ghost, i.e., spirit, a translation of Gr. pneuma=breath, air], in Christian doctrine, the third person of the Trinity. The Holy Spirit is sometimes defined as the aspect of God immanent in this world, in human beings, and in the church. Jesus' promise to his disciples of a Comforter (or Paraclete, i.e., advocate), in John 14, is considered his principal reference to the Holy Spirit, and the descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles and the communication of the gift of tongues, as recounted in Acts 2, is thought to be an example of the work of the Holy Spirit in time. This incident is commemorated on Pentecost (Whitsunday). Certain Christian groups, such as the Montanists and the Society of Friends, have attributed utterances of their members to the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. The dove is the symbol of the Holy Spirit. For the controversy over the procession of the Holy Spirit, see creed.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2017, The Columbia University Press.

Holy Spirit: Selected full-text books and articles

The Holy Spirit By F. Leron Shults; Andrea Hollingsworth William B. Eerdmans, 2008
The Holy Spirit and Christian Origins: Essays in Honor of James D. G. Dunn By Graham N. Stanton; Bruce W. Longenecker; Stephen C. Barton W.B. Eerdmans, 2004
The Source of Life: The Holy Spirit and the Theology of Life By Jürgen Moltmann; Margaret Kohl Fortress Press, 1997
Called through the Gospel: The Holy Spirit in Lutheran Liturgy By Eller, Justin Currents in Theology and Mission, Vol. 40, No. 3, June 2013
Who or What Is the Holy Spirit? By Pauw, Amy Plantinga The Christian Century, Vol. 113, No. 2, January 17, 1996
God Who Sows the Seed and Gives the Growth: Anselm's Theology of the Holy Spirit By Williams, Thomas Anglican Theological Review, Vol. 89, No. 4, Fall 2007
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Holy Spirit: Presence, Power, Person By Del Colle, Ralph Theological Studies, Vol. 62, No. 2, June 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Recovering the Gifts of the Holy Spirit in Moral Theology By Bouchard, Charles E Theological Studies, Vol. 63, No. 3, September 2002
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Church and the Holy Spirit in 20th Century Russia By Bobrinskoy, Boris The Ecumenical Review, Vol. 52, No. 3, July 2000
Advents of the Spirit: An Introduction to the Current Study of Pneumatology By Bradford E. Hinze; D. Lyle Dabney Marquette University Press, 2001
Yves Congar's Theology of the Holy Spirit By Elizabeth Teresa Groppe Oxford University Press, 2004
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