Paul Tillich

Tillich, Paul Johannes

Paul Johannes Tillich (tĬl´Ĭk), 1886–1965, American philosopher and theologian, b. Germany, educated at the universities of Berlin, Tübingen, Halle, and Breslau. In 1912 he was ordained a minister of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. He taught theology at the universities of Berlin, Marburg, Dresden, and Leipzig and philosophy at the Univ. of Frankfurt until he was dismissed in 1933 because of his opposition to the Nazi regime. In the same year, at the invitation of Reinhold Niebuhr, he went to the United States and joined the faculty of Union Theological Seminary. In 1954 he became a professor at Harvard; in 1962 he became Nuveen professor of theology at the Univ. of Chicago. His theological system embraced the concept of "the Protestant Principle," according to which every Yes must have its corresponding No, and no human truth is ultimate. Faith, to Tillich, was "ultimate concern," and God was "the God above God," the "Ground of Being," or "Being-Itself." "New Being," rather than "salvation," should be the human goal. Tillich incorporated depth psychology and existentialist philosophy into his system and considered them essential elaborations of Christian doctrine. He aimed at a correlation of the questions arising out of the human condition and the divine answers drawn from the symbolism of Christian revelation. The great questions, in his classification, dealt with being, existence, and life. His writings include The Interpretation of History (tr. 1936), The Protestant Era (tr. 1948), The Shaking of the Foundations (1948), Systematic Theology, (3 vol., 1951–63), The Courage to Be (1952), Love, Power, and Justice (1954), Biblical Religion and the Search for Ultimate Reality (1955), The New Being (1955), Dynamics of Faith (1957), Christianity and the Encounter of the World Religions (1963), My Search for Absolutes (1967), My Travel Diary: 1936, ed. by J. C. Brauer (1970), and A History of Christian Thought, ed. by C. E. Braaten (1972).

See the reminiscences by his wife, Hanna (1973) and R. May (1973); C. J. Armbruster, The Vision of Paul Tillich (1967); J. R. Lyons, ed., The Intellectual Legacy of Paul Tillich (1969); L. F. Wheat, Paul Tillich's Dialectical Humanism (1970).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Paul Tillich: Selected full-text books and articles

The Theology of Paul Tillich By Charles W. Kegley; Robert W. Bretall Macmillan, 1952
Paul Tillich: An Appraisal By J. Heywood Thomas Westminster Press, 1963
The New Being By Paul Tillich University of Nebraska Press, 2005
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Theology of Culture By Paul Tillich; Robert C. Kimball Oxford University Press, 1964
The Existentialist Theology of Paul Tillich By Bernard Martin Bookman Associates, 1963
Science-Technology Dialogue and Tillich's Second Form of Anxiety By Murphy, George L Currents in Theology and Mission, Vol. 41, No. 1, February 2014
Religion and Sexism: Images of Woman in the Jewish and Christian Traditions By Rosemary Radford Ruether Simon and Schuster, 1974
Librarian's tip: "The Protestant Principle: A Woman's-Eye View of Barth and Tillich" begins on p. 319
Doing Theology Interreligiously: Union and the Legacy of Paul Tillich By Knitter, Paul F Cross Currents, Vol. 61, No. 1, March 2011
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.