evangelist (Ĭvăn´jəlĬst) [Gr.,=Gospel], title given to saints Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, the authors of the four Gospels. The four evangelists are often symbolized respectively by a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle, on the basis of Rev. 4.6–10. In modern times the term is applied to Protestant clergy and religious leaders who preach personal conversion, especially those who travel extensively to do so. The greatest effort of evangelism was undoubtedly the Great Awakening. Methodism is essentially evangelical in its origins; John Wesley and George Whitefield were the great Methodist evangelists. George Fox, founder of the Quakers (see Friends, Religious Society of), was also an evangelist. Dwight Moody was a prominent 19th-century American evangelist. Billy Graham is a notable modern example. See also camp meeting; revival, religious.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Evangelicalism: Selected full-text books and articles

Holy Mavericks: Evangelical Innovators and the Spiritual Marketplace By Shayne Lee; Phillip Luke Sinitiere New York University Press, 2009
The Fourth Great Awakening or Apostasy: Is American Evangelicalism Cycling Upwards or Spiraling Downwards? By Carpenter, John B Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, Vol. 44, No. 4, December 2001
Amazing Grace: Evangelicalism in Australia, Britain, Canada, and the United States By Mark A. Noll; George A. Rawlyk McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994
Evangelicals and Science in Historical Perspective By David N. Livingstone; D. G. Hart; Mark A. Noll Oxford University Press, 1999
The Blackwell Companion to Religion in America By Philip Goff Wiley-Blackwell, 2010
Librarian's tip: Chap. 35 "Evangelicalism"
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