Hanukkah (khä´nəkə, –nŏŏkä), in Judaism, the Festival of Lights, the Feast of Consecration, or the Feast of the Maccabees; also transliterated Chanukah. According to tradition, it was instituted by Judas Maccabeus and his brothers in 165 BC to celebrate the dedication of the new altar in the Temple at Jerusalem. The festival occurs in December near the time of the winter solstice, as does Christmas, and lasts eight days. Hanukkah later came to be linked also with a miraculous cruse of oil that burned for eight days, leading to the practice of lighting special Hanukkah candles, one the first evening, two the second, and so on. The eight-branched candlestand (menorah) used in that ceremony is a frequent symbol for the holiday.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Hanukkah: Selected full-text books and articles

Hanukkah in America: A History By Dianne Ashton New York University Press, 2013
The Hanukkah Anthology By Philip Goodman Jewish Publication Society, 1992
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
The Jewish Holidays By Isaac Unterman Bloch Publishing, 1950 (2nd edition)
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Hanukkah begins on p. 103
The JPS Guide to Jewish Traditions: A JPS Desk Reference By Ronald L. Eisenberg Jewish Publication Society, 2004
Librarian's tip: "Winter Festivals: Hanukkah" begins on p. 244
The Jewish Religion: A Companion By Louis Jacobs Oxford University Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: "Hanukkah" begins on p. 217
Encyclopedia of Jewish American Popular Culture By Jack R. Fischel; Susan M. Ortmann Greenwood Press, 2009
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Hannukah begins on p. 185
Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945 By Marion A. Kaplan Oxford University Press, 2004
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Hanukkah begins on p. 328
Bleached Faith: The Tragic Cost When Religion Is Forced into the Public Square By Steven Goldberg Stanford Law Books, 2008
Librarian's tip: Chapter 4 "The Ultimate Demise of Christmas and Chanukah"
Jewish Liturgy: A Comprehensive History By Ismar Elbogen Jewish Publication Society, 1993
Librarian's tip: "Hanukkah and Purim" begins on p. 109
Jewish American Food Culture By Jonathan Deutsch; Rachel D. Saks Greenwood Press, 2008
Librarian's tip: "Hanukkah" begins on p. 87
Reading Levinas/Reading Talmud: An Introduction By Ira F. Stone Jewish Publication Society, 1998
Librarian's tip: "What is Hanukkah?" begins on p. 127
Passport to Jewish Music: Its History, Traditions, and Culture By Irene Heskes Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: "Hanukkah and Purim" begins on p. 77
Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History By Joe Perry University of North Carolina Press, 2010
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Hanukkah in Germany begins on p. 72
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