Torah (tôr´ə) [Heb.,=teachings or learning], Hebrew name for the five books of Moses—the Law of Moses or the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible. The Torah is believed by Orthodox Jews to have been handed down to Moses on Mt. Sinai and transmitted by him to the Jews. It laid down the fundamental laws of moral and physical conduct. The Torah begins with a description of the origin of the universe and ends on the word Israel, after the story of the death of Moses, just before the conquest of Canaan by the Israelites. In a wider sense the Torah includes all teachings of Judaism, the entire Hebrew Bible and the Talmud.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Torah: Selected full-text books and articles

The Theology of the Oral Torah: Revealing the Justice of God By Jacob Neusner McGill-Queens University Press, 1999
Thinking about the Torah: A Philosopher Reads the Bible By Kenneth Seeskin Jewish Publication Society, 2016
The Way of Torah: An Introduction to Judaism By Jacob Neusner Dickenson Publishing, 1974 (2nd edition)
The Sukkot/Simhat Torah Anthology By Philip Goodman Jewish Publication Society, 1988
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
History and Torah: Essays on Jewish Learning By Jacob Neusner Vallentine, Mitchell, 1965
The Torah's Vision of Worship By Samuel E. Balentine Fortress Press, 1999
Reimagining the Bible: The Storytelling of the Rabbis By Howard Schwartz Oxford University Press, 1998
Studies in the Bible and Jewish Thought By Moshe Greenberg Jewish Publication Society, 1995
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