Torah (tôr´ə) [Heb.,=teachings or learning], Hebrew name for the five books of Moses—the Law of Moses or the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible. The Torah is believed by Orthodox Jews to have been handed down to Moses on Mt. Sinai and transmitted by him to the Jews. It laid down the fundamental laws of moral and physical conduct. The Torah begins with a description of the origin of the universe and ends on the word Israel, after the story of the death of Moses, just before the conquest of Canaan by the Israelites. In a wider sense the Torah includes all teachings of Judaism, the entire Hebrew Bible and the Talmud.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Torah: Selected full-text books and articles

The Theology of the Oral Torah: Revealing the Justice of God
Jacob Neusner.
McGill-Queens University Press, 1999
The Torah Revealed: Talmudic Masters Unveil the Secrets of the Bible
Avraham Yaakov Finkel.
Jossey-Bass, 2004
The Life of Torah: Readings in the Jewish Religious Experience
Jacob Neusner.
Dickenson Publishing, 1974
The Way of Torah: An Introduction to Judaism
Jacob Neusner.
Dickenson Publishing, 1974 (2nd edition)
The Sukkot/Simhat Torah Anthology
Philip Goodman.
Jewish Publication Society, 1988
History and Torah: Essays on Jewish Learning
Jacob Neusner.
Vallentine, Mitchell, 1965
The Torah's Vision of Worship
Samuel E. Balentine.
Fortress Press, 1999
The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism as Exemplified in the Shema, the Most Important Passage in the Torah
Norman Lamm.
Jewish Publication Society, 1998
Roads to the Palace: Jewish Texts and Teaching
Michael Rosenak.
Berghahn Books, 1995
Reimagining the Bible: The Storytelling of the Rabbis
Howard Schwartz.
Oxford University Press, 1998
Studies in the Bible and Jewish Thought
Moshe Greenberg.
Jewish Publication Society, 1995
Fixing God's Torah: The Accuracy of the Hebrew Bible Text in Jewish Law
B. Barry Levy.
Oxford University Press, 2001
When Brothers Dwell Together: The Preeminence of Younger Siblings in the Hebrew Bible
Frederick E. Greenspahn.
Oxford University Press, 1994
The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
Jewish Publication Society, 1999
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