Bernard Baruch

Baruch, Bernard Mannes

Bernard Mannes Baruch (bərōōk´), 1870–1965, U.S. financier and government adviser, b. Camden, S.C. He grew rich through stockmarket speculation before he was 30. In World War I he advised on national defense and was (1918–19) chairman of the War Industries Board; he helped frame the economic provisions of the Versailles Treaty (1919). In World War II he became (1942) special adviser to James F. Byrnes and wrote the report (1943) on postwar conversion. As U.S. Representative to the UN Atomic Energy Commission (1946) he formulated plans for international control of atomic energy.

See his autobiography Baruch (2 vol., 1957–60); biography by W. L. White (1950, repr. 1971); J. Schwarz, The Speculator: Bernard M. Baruch in Washington, 1917–1965 (1981).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Bernard Baruch: Selected full-text books and articles

Bernard Baruch, Park Bench Statesman By Carter Field Whittlesey House, 1944
Peace through Strength: Bernard Baruch and a Blueprint for Security By Morris V. Rosenbloom American Surveys in association with Farrar, Straus and Young, New York, 1953
American Industry in War: A Report of the War Industries Board (March 1921) By Bernard M. Baruch; Richard H. Hippelheuser Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1941
Report on War and Post-War Adjustment Policies. February 15, 1944 By Bernard M. Baruch; John M. Hancock; United States.Office of War Mobilization U.S. Government Printing Office, 1944
Industrial America in the World War: The Strategy behind the Line, 1917-1918 By Grosvenor B. Clarkson Houghton Mifflin, 1923
Librarian’s tip: Information on Bernard Baruch in Chap. III "The War Industries Board Emerges"
Big Steel and the Wilson Administration: A Study in Business-Government Relations By Melvin I. Urofsky Ohio State University Press, 1969
Librarian’s tip: Information on Bernard Baruch in Chap. V "Wartime Control and Co-Operation"
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