Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl (tā´ōdôr hĕr´tsəl), 1860–1904, Hungarian Jew, founder of modern Zionism. Sent to Paris as a correspondent for the Vienna Neue Frei Presse, he reported on the Dreyfus affair. Appalled by the vicious anti-Semitism he observed, he decided that Jewish assimilation in Europe was impossible and that the only solution to the Jewish problem was the establishment of a Jewish national state. He stated his ideas in his famous pamphlet, Der Judenstaat, first published in 1896. Herzl organized the first Zionist World Congress (1897) and served as its president from its inception until his death. In 1949 his body was moved from Vienna to Jerusalem, for burial with the highest honors by the Israeli nation.

See his diaries (ed. by R. Patai, tr. 1960); biographies by A. Bein (tr. 1962), D. Stewart (1974), and N. H. Finkelstein (1987); I. Friedman and H. M. Sacher, ed., Herzl's Political Activity, 1897–1904 (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Theodor Herzl: Selected full-text books and articles

Theodore Herzl: A Biography By Alex Bein; Maurice Samuel Jewish Publication Society of America, 1941
The Jewish State: The Struggle for Israel's Soul By Yoram Hazony Basic Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Herzl as Statesman: The Creation of a Jewish State of Mind"
History of Zionism: A Handbook and Dictionary By Hershel Edelheit; Abfaham J. Edelheit Westview Press, 2000
The Zionist Idea: A Historical Analysis and Reader By Arthur Hertzberg Jewish Publication Society, 1997
Great Jewish Thinkers of the Twentieth Century: Edited with Introductory Essays By Simon Noveck B'nai B'rith, Dept. of Adult Jewish Education, 1963
Great Jewish Personalities in Modern Times By Simon Noveck B'nai B'rith, Dept. of Adult Jewish Education, 1960
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