Rastafarianism, a religious-cultural movement that began (1930s) in Jamaica. Rastafarians believe that Haile Selassie, also named Ras Tafari, the last emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1975), is the Messiah. They tend to reject European culture and ideas and are particularly noted for their use of marijuana. Reggae music is heavily influenced by Rastafarianism. There are some 180,000 Rastafarians worldwide.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Rastafarianism: Selected full-text books and articles

The Rastafarians By Leonard E. Barrett Beacon Press, 1997
Reggae, Rastafari, and the Rhetoric of Social Control By Stephen A. King; Barry T. Bays III; P. Renée Foster University Press of Mississippi, 2002
Rastafari: Roots and Ideology By Barry Chevannes Syracuse University Press, 1994
Black Linguistics: Language, Society, and Politics in Africa and the Americas By Sinfree Makoni; Geneva Smitherman; Arnetha F. Ball; Arthur K. Spears Routledge, 2003
Dread Talk: The Language of Rastafari By Velma Pollard Canoe Press, 2000 (Revised edition)
Caribbean Religious History: An Introduction By Ennis B. Edmonds; Michelle A. Gonzalez New York University Press, 2010
The Rastafarian Movement in South Africa: A Religion or Way of Life? By Chawane, Midas H Journal for the Study of Religion : JSR, Vol. 27, No. 2, July 1, 2014
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Words, Sounds, and Power in Jamaican Rastafari By Dolin, Kasey Qynn MACLAS Latin American Essays, March 2001
Ethnicity, Law, and Human Rights: The English Experience By Sebastian Poulter Clarendon Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. 9 "Rastafarians: Confrontations concerning Dreadlocks and Cannabis"
Across the Boundaries of Belief: Contemporary Issues in the Anthropology of Religion By Morton Klass; Maxine Weisgrau Westview Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: Chap. 18 "Transnational Popular Culture and the Global Spread of the Jamaican Rastafarian Movement"
Gatherings in Diaspora: Religious Communities and the New Immigration By R. Stephen Warner; Judith G. Wittner Temple University Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "The House that Rasta Built: Church-Building and Fundamentalism among New York Rastafarians"
New Trends and Developments in African Religions By Peter B. Clarke Greenwood Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. 10 "Religion, Patriarchy, and the Status of Rastafarian Women" and Chap. 11 "Rastafari Perceptions of Self and Symbolism"
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