Boethius (bōē´thēəs), Boetius (bōē´shəs), or Boece (bōēs´) (Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius), c.475–525, Roman philosopher and statesman. An honored figure in the public life of Rome, where he was consul in 510, he became the able minister of the Emperor Theodoric. Late in Theodoric's reign false charges of treason were brought against Boethius; after imprisonment in Pavia, he was sentenced without trial and put to death. While in prison he wrote his greatest work, De consolatione philosophiae (tr. The Consolation of Philosophy). His treatise on ancient music, De musica, was for a thousand years the unquestioned authority on music in the West. One of the last ancient Neoplatonists, Boethius translated some of the writings of Aristotle and made commentaries on them. His works served to transmit Greek philosophy to the early centuries of the Middle Ages.

See H. F. Stewart, Boethius (1891); H. Chadwick, Boethius: The Consolations of Music, Logic, Theology, and Philosophy (1981); E. Reiss, Boethius (1982).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Boethius: Selected full-text books and articles

John Marenbon.
Oxford University Press, 2003
The Consolation of Philosophy
Boethius; P. G. Walsh.
Clarendon Press, 1999
Propositional Logic of Boethius
L. E. J. Brouwer; E. W. Beth; A. Heyting; Karl Dürr; Karl Deurr.
North-Holland Pub. Co., 1951
Job, Boethius, and Epic Truth
Ann W. Astell.
Cornell University Press, 1994
Resisting Representation
Elaine Scarry.
Oxford University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "The External Referent: Cosmic Order the Well-Rounded Sphere: Cognition and Metaphysical Structure in Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy"
Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism: The Latin Tradition
Ralph McInerny; Stephen Gersh.
University of Notre Dame Press, vol.2, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Boethius"
Medieval Philosophy
John Marenbon.
Routledge, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Boethius: From Antiquity to the Middle Ages"
The Development of Logic
Martha Kneale; William Kneale.
Clarendon Press, 1984
Librarian’s tip: "From Cicero to Boethius" begins on p. 177
History of the Later Roman Empire: From the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian
J. B. Bury.
Dover Publications, vol.2, 1958
Librarian’s tip: "Boethius, Cassiodorus, and Benedict" begins on p.216
The Seven Liberal Arts in the Middle Ages
David L. Wagner.
Indiana University Press, 1983
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