Christian Coalition

Christian Coalition, organization founded to advance the agenda of political and social conservatives, mostly comprised of evangelical Protestant Republicans, and to preserve what it deems traditional American values. It was established (1989) by Pat Robertson after he failed to win the 1988 Republican presidential nomination. Based in Chesapeake, Va., the group has about 2 million members and some 2,000 local chapters in 50 states. It lobbies in support of traditional religious and family values, market capitalism, and school choice and prayer and opposes secular influence in the United States, abortion, and gun control. The organization, which, through wide dissemination of voter guides, has supported some political candidates and opposed others, was very influential during the 1990s under the leadership (1989–97) of executive director Ralph Reed. By 1999, however, when Robertson assumed a more active role in the group's direction, its membership was dropping, debts mounting, and influence waning. That same year the Coalition lost its tax-exempt status and divided into two parts: the Christian Coalition International, its taxable political arm, and the Christian Coalition of America, tax-exempt and concentrating on voter education. Robertson resigned as the group's president in 2001.

See J. Watson, The Christian Coalition: Dreams of Restoration, Demands for Recognition (1997).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Christian Coalition: Selected full-text books and articles

God at the Grass Roots: The Christian Right in the 1994 Elections By Mark J. Rozell; Clyde Wilcox Rowman & Littlefield, 1995
God's Name in Vain: The Wrongs and Rights of Religion in Politics By Stephen L. Carter Basic Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Politics, Not Elections"
Conservative Protestant Politics By Steve Bruce Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "The Christian Right in the USA"
Right-Wing Politics and the Anti-Immigration Cause By Diamond, Sara Social Justice, Vol. 23, No. 3, Fall 1996
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