Liberation Theology

liberation theology, belief that the Christian Gospel demands "a preferential option for the poor," and that the church should be involved in the struggle for economic and political justice in the contemporary world—particularly in the Third World. Dating to the Second Vatican Council (1962–65) and the Second Latin American Bishops Conference, held in Medellin, Colombia (1968), the movement brought poor people together in comunidades de base, or Christian-based communities, to study the Bible and to fight for social justice. Since the 1980s, many in the church hierarchy have criticized liberation theology and its advocates, accusing them of wrongly supporting violent revolution and Marxist class struggle, but its advocates have argued that its positions were in agreement with the church's social teachings about the poor.

See studies by P. Berryman (1987), A. Hennelly (1989), and J. R. Pottenger (1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Liberation Theology: Selected full-text books and articles

Liberation Theologies in the United States: An Introduction By Stacey M. Floyd-Thomas; Anthony B. Pinn New York University Press, 2010
Introducing Liberation Theology By Leonardo Boff; Clodovis Boff; Paul Burns Orbis, 1987
Method in Liberation Theologies By Phan, Peter C Theological Studies, Vol. 61, No. 1, March 2000
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Is Liberation Theology Dead? By Ruether, Rosemary Radford National Catholic Reporter, Vol. 41, No. 26, April 29, 2005
Black Liberation Theology and Black Catholics: A Critical Conversation By Cone, James H Theological Studies, Vol. 61, No. 4, December 2000
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Whatever Happened to Liberation Theology? New Directions for Theological Reflection in Latin America By Kater, John L., Jr Anglican Theological Review, Vol. 83, No. 4, Fall 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A Buddhist Critique of, and Learning from, Christian Liberation Theology By Makransky, John Theological Studies, Vol. 75, No. 3, September 2014
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Church at the Grassroots in Latin America: Perspectives on Thirty Years of Activism By John Burdick; W. E. Hewitt Praeger Publishers, 2000
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "Liberation Theology and the Liberation of Women in Santo Antonio, Brazil"
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