theism (thē´Ĭzəm), in theology and philosophy, the belief in a personal God. It is opposed to atheism and agnosticism and is to be distinguished from pantheism and deism (see deists). Unlike pantheists, theists do not hold God to be identical to the universe. Like deists, they believe that God created the universe and transcends it; unlike the deists, they hold that God involves himself in human affairs. For a summary of the arguments that support theism, see God.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Theism: Selected full-text books and articles

Aquinas to Whitehead: Seven Centuries of Metaphysics of Religion By Charles E. Hartshorne Marquette University Press, 1976
The Coherence of Theism By Richard Swinburne Clarendon Press, 1993 (Revised edition)
The Existence of God By Richard Swinburne Clarendon Press, 1991
Probability and Theistic Explanation By Robert Prevost Clarendon Press, 1990
He Who Is: A Study in Traditional Theism By E. L. B. D. Mascall Longmans, Green, 1943
Theism and the Modern Mood By Walter Marshall Horton Harper & Brothers, 1930
God and Evil By C. E. M. Joad Harper & Brothers, 1943
Tennant's Philosophical Theology By Delton Scudder Lewis Yale University Press, 1940
Humanism Versus Theism By J. A. C Fagginger Auer; Julian Hartt Antioch Press, 1951
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