theism (thē´Ĭzəm), in theology and philosophy, the belief in a personal God. It is opposed to atheism and agnosticism and is to be distinguished from pantheism and deism (see deists). Unlike pantheists, theists do not hold God to be identical to the universe. Like deists, they believe that God created the universe and transcends it; unlike the deists, they hold that God involves himself in human affairs. For a summary of the arguments that support theism, see God.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Theism: Selected full-text books and articles

Aquinas to Whitehead: Seven Centuries of Metaphysics of Religion
Charles E. Hartshorne.
Marquette University Press, 1976
The Miracle of Theism: Arguments for and against the Existence of God
J. L. Mackie.
Clarendon Press, 1982
The Coherence of Theism
Richard Swinburne.
Clarendon Press, 1993 (Revised edition)
The Existence of God
Richard Swinburne.
Clarendon Press, 1991
Probability and Theistic Explanation
Robert Prevost.
Clarendon Press, 1990
He Who Is: A Study in Traditional Theism
E. L. B. D. Mascall.
Longmans, Green, 1943
Theism and the Modern Mood
Walter Marshall Horton.
Harper & Brothers, 1930
God and Evil
C. E. M. Joad.
Harper & Brothers, 1943
Tennant's Philosophical Theology
Delton Scudder Lewis.
Yale University Press, 1940
The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa Contra Gentiles I
Norman Kretzmann.
Clarendon Press, 1997
Humanism Versus Theism
J. A. C Fagginger Auer; Julian Hartt.
Antioch Press, 1951
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