Friedrich Schleiermacher

Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst

Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (frē´drĬkh dä´nyĕl ĕrnst shlī´ərmäkh´ər), 1768–1834, German Protestant theologian, b. Breslau. He broke away from the Moravian Church and studied at Halle. Ordained in 1794, he accepted a post as a Reformed preacher in Berlin. There he came into contact with the German Romantic movement and became a friend of Friedrich Schlegel. In 1799 he published his eloquent Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers (tr. 1893). The work showed his closeness to the Romantics as well as the influence of his Pietist background. He defined religion as an absolute dependence on a monotheistic God, reached through intuition and independent of dogma. From 1804 to 1807, Schleiermacher taught at Halle. When war led to the closing of that university he returned to Berlin, where he was made professor in 1810. Through his stirring sermons he played a prominent part in the Prussian war against Napoleon. From 1819 he was occupied with his major work, The Christian Faith, published in 1821–22 (tr. of 2d ed. 1928). Here he developed systematically his earlier ideas, viewing Christianity as the highest manifestation of religion. The work exhibits the influence of Kant, Spinoza, and Leibniz and shows Schleiermacher's aversion to both German rationalism and theological orthodoxy. His thought exerted an enormous and lasting influence on Protestant theology. He is also known for his attempt to secure the liberation of the church from the state and for his translations of Plato.

See studies by R. B. Brandt (1941, repr. 1968), R. R. Niebuhr (1964), G. Spiegler (1967), S. Sykes (1971), M. Redeker (1973), and K. Clements, ed. (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Friedrich Schleiermacher: Selected full-text books and articles

Friedrich Schleiermacher: Pioneer of Modern Theology By Friedrich Schleiermacher; Keith Clements Fortress Press, 1991
Schleiermacher's Soliloquies: An English Translation of the Monologen By Friedrich Schleiermacher; Horace Leland Friess Open Court, 1926
The Christian Faith By Friedrich Schleiermacher; H. R. Mackintosh; J. S. Stewart Harper & Row, vol.1, 1963
The Christian Faith By Friedrich Schleiermacher; H. R. Mackintosh; J. S. Stewart Harper & Row, vol.2, 1963
Lectures on Philosophical Ethics By Friedrich Schleiermacher; Robert B. Louden; Louise Adey Huish Cambridge University Press, 2002
Hegel on Schleiermacher and Postmodernity By Reid, Jeffrey CLIO, Vol. 32, No. 4, Summer 2003
Divergent Traditions, Converging Faiths: Troeltsch, Comparative Theology, and the Conversation with Hinduism By Joseph Molleur Peter Lang, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Troeltsch and Schleiermacher"
Hermeneutics and the Study of History By Wilhelm Dilthey; Rudolf A. Makkreel; Frithjof Rodi Princeton University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Schliermacher's Hermeneutical System in Relation to Earlier Protestant Hermeneutics (1860)"
Transforming the Hermeneutic Context: From Nietzsche to Nancy By Gayle L. Ormiston; Alan D. Schrift State University of New York Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Hermeneutic Ellipses: Writing the Hermeneutical Circle in Schleiermacher"
The Experience of the Foreign: Culture and Translation in Romantic Germany By Antoine Berman; S. Heyvaert State University of New York Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "F. Schleiermacher and W. Von Humboldt: Translation in the Hermeneutical-Linguistic Space"
A Dubious Heritage: Studies in the Philosophy of Religion after Kant By Louis Dupré Paulist Press, 1977
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Schleiermacher's Religion as Feeling"
Theology and Church: Shorter Writings, 1920-1928 By Karl Barth; Louise Pettibone Smith Harper & Row, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "Schleiermacher"
The Political Thought of the German Romantics, 1793-1815 By H. S. Reiss Blackwell, 1955
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "Schleiermacher (1768-1834)"
Impossible Individuality: Romanticism, Revolution, and the Origins of Modern Selfhood, 1787-1802 By Gerald N. Izenberg Princeton University Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: "Friedrich Schleiermacher: The Divided Self" begins on p. 18
The Range of Interpretation By Wolfgang Iser Columbia University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher: Self-Reflective Circularity" begins on p. 41
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator
Author Advanced search


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.