Karl Barth

Karl Barth (bärt), 1886–1968, Swiss Protestant theologian, one of the leading thinkers of 20th-century Protestantism. He helped to found the Confessing Church and his thinking formed the theological framework for the Barmen Declaration. He taught in Germany, where he early opposed the Nazi regime. In 1935 when he refused to take the oath of allegiance to Adolf Hitler, he was retired from his position at the Univ. of Bonn and deported to Switzerland. There he continued to expound his views, known as dialectical theology or theology of the word. Barth's primary object was to lead theology back to the principles of the Reformation (called neo-orthodoxy). For Barth, modern theology with its assent to science, immanent philosophy, and general culture and with its stress on feeling, was marked by indifference to the word of God and to the revelation of God in Jesus, which he thought should be the central concern of theology. In the confrontation between humanity and God, which was Barth's fundamental concern, the word of God and God's revelation in Jesus are the only means God has for Self-revelation; Barth argued that people must listen in an attitude of awe, trust, and obedience. This theological position is also related to those of Emil Brunner, Friedrich Gogarten, and Rudolf Bultmann, although Barth's position is the stricter. Barth's writings include The Epistle to the Romans (tr. 1933), The Word of God and the Word of Man (tr. 1928), Credo (tr. 1936), and Church Dogmatics (Vol. I-IV, tr. 1936–62).

See T. F. Torrance, Karl Barth (1966); R. E. Willis, The Ethics of Karl Barth (1971); E. Busch, Karl Barth (1976); G. W. Bromiley, An Introduction to the Theology of Karl Barth (1981).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2016, The Columbia University Press.

Karl Barth: Selected full-text books and articles

Karl Barth: Theologian of Freedom By Clifford Green Fortress Press, 1991
Portrait of Karl Barth By Georges Casalis; Robert McAfee Brown Doubleday, 1963
Barth By A. D. R. Polman; Calvin D. Freeman Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1960
The Hastening That Waits: Karl Barth's Ethics By Nigel Biggar University of Oxford, 1993
God Here and Now By Karl Barth; Paul M. van Buren Routledge, 2003
The Epistle to the Philippians By Karl Barth John Knox Press, 1962
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
The Only Way: How Can the Germans Be Cured? By Karl Barth; Marta K. Neufdd; Ronald Gregor Smith Philosophical Library, 1947
Karl Barth: Against Hegemony By Timothy Gorringe Oxford University, 1999
That Jesus Christ Was Born a Jew: Karl Barth's Docrine of Israel By Katherine Sonderegger Pennsylvania State University Press, 1992
The Person and Work of Christ Revisited: In Conversation with Karl Barth By Holmes, Christopher R. J Anglican Theological Review, Vol. 95, No. 1, Winter 2013
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Jesus Christ and the Modern Sinner: Karl Barth's Retrieval of Luther's Substantive Christology By Marga, Amy Ellen Currents in Theology and Mission, Vol. 34, No. 4, August 2007
How to Serve God in a Marxist Land By Johannes Hamel; Karl Barth Association Press, 1959
Theology and Church: Shorter Writings, 1920-1928 By Karl Barth; Louise Pettibone Smith Harper & Row, 1962
Christmas By Karl Barth; Bernhard Citron Oliver and Boyd, 1959
A Map of Twentieth-Century Theology: Readings from Karl Barth to Radical Pluralism By Carl E. Braaten; Robert W. Jenson Fortress Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Includes multiple works by Karl Barth
Not Pledging as Liturgy: Lessons from Karl Barth and American Mennonites on Refusing National Oaths By Perry, John Mennonite Quarterly Review, Vol. 76, No. 4, October 2002
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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