Martin Buber

Martin Buber (bōō´bĕr), 1878–1965, Jewish philosopher, b. Vienna. Educated at German universities, he was active in Zionist affairs, and he taught philosophy and religion at the Univ. of Frankfurt-am-Main (1924–33). From 1938 to 1951 he held a professorship in the sociology of religion at the Hebrew Univ. in Jerusalem. Greatly influenced by the mysticism of the Hasidim, which he interpreted in many of his works, and by the Christian existentialism of Søren Kierkegaard, Buber evolved his own philosophy of religion, especially in his book I and Thou (1923, 2d ed. 1958). Conceiving the relations between God and man not as abstract and impersonal, but as an inspired and direct dialogue, Buber has also had a great impact on contemporary Christian thinkers. He worked to permeate political Zionism with ethical and spiritual values and strongly advocated Arab-Israeli understanding. Among his writings are Jewish Mysticism and the Legends of Baalshem (1931), Mamre (tr. 1946, repr. 1970), Moses (1946), and The Origin and Meaning of Hasidism (2 vol., tr. 1960).

See his A Believing Humanism: My Testament, 1902–1965 (tr. 1967), and his Meetings, ed. by M. S. Friedman (1973); biographies by M. S. Friedman (3 vol., 1981–3, and 1 vol., 1991); M. S. Freidman, Martin Buber: The Life of Dialogue (4th ed., 2002).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2016, The Columbia University Press.

Martin Buber: Selected full-text books and articles

The Origin and Meaning of Hasidism By Martin Buber; Maurice Friedman; Maurice Friedman Horizon Press, 1960
Moses By Martin Buber East and West Library, 1946
The Writings of Martin Buber By Martin Buber; Will Herberg Meridian Books, 1956
Librarian’s tip: "I and Thou" begins on p. 43
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Martin Buber: The Life of Dialogue By Maurice S. Friedman Routledge, 2002 (4th edition)
Communication and Community: Implications of Martin Buber's Dialogue By Ronald C. Arnett Southern Illinois University Press, 1986
Martin Buber: Prophet of Religious Secularism By Donald J. Moore Fordham University Press, 1996 (2nd edition)
The Jewish State: The Struggle for Israel's Soul By Yoram Hazony Basic Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Martin Buber and the Rejection of the Jewish State"
Toward a Jewish (M)orality: Speaking of a Postmodern Jewish Ethics By S. Daniel Breslauer Greenwood Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Martin Buber's Hasidic Ethics of Moving On"
Autonomy in Jewish Philosophy By Kenneth Seeskin Cambridge University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Modernity under Fire: Buber and Levinas"
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