Steroids

steroids, class of lipids having a particular molecular ring structure called the cyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene ring system. Steroids differ from one another in the structure of various side chains and additional rings. Steroids are common in both plants and animals. In humans, steroids are secreted by the ovaries and testes, the adrenal cortex (see adrenal gland), and the placenta.

The range of steroids is diverse, including several forms of vitamin D, digitalis, sterols (e.g., cholesterol), and the bile acids. Many steroids are biologically active hormones that control a number of the body's metabolic processes. This group includes the male sex hormone testosterone and the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. The steroid hormones of the adrenal cortex include glucocorticoids such as cortisone and cortisol (see also corticosteroid drug) and mineralocorticoids such as aldosterone.

Natural or synthetic steroids are used in oral contraceptives and in the treatment of arthritis, Addison's disease, and certain skin ailments. Side effects, related to dosage and length of treatment, can be serious and include high blood pressure, edema, unwanted hair growth, and menstrual cycle disruption. Anabolic steroids, male hormones given to build up strength in seriously ill patients, have been abused by bodybuilders and athletes in an attempt to increase muscle mass and strength.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Steroids: Selected full-text books and articles

Understanding Street Drugs: A Handbook of Substance Misuse for Parents, Teachers and Other Professionals By David Emmett; Graeme Nice Jessica Kingsley, 2006
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Anabolic Steroids"
Drugs in Sport By David R. Mottram Routledge, 2003 (3rd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Androgenic Anabolic Steroids"
Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking outside the Batter's Box By Eric Bronson Open Court, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 22 "Baseball and Legal Philosophy: Should Steroids Be Banned?"
Diamonds in the Rough: The Untold History of Baseball By Joel Zoss; John Bowman University of Nebraska Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Demon Rum and Other Substance"
Relapse Prevention: Maintenance Strategies in the Treatment of Addictive Behaviors By G. Alan Marlatt; Dennis M. Donovan Guilford Press, 2005
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Relapse Prevention for Abuse of Club Drugs, Hallucinogens, Inhalants, and Steroids"
Sexual Health for Men: The Complete Guide By Richard F. Spark Perseus Publishing, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "How do Athletes and Bodybuilders use Testosterone and other Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS)?" begins on p. 170
Anabolic Steroids and Dependence By Keane, Helen Contemporary Drug Problems, Vol. 30, No. 3, Fall 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Effects of Mass Communication on Attitudes toward Anabolic Steroids: An Analysis of High School Seniors By Denham, Bryan E Journal of Drug Issues, Vol. 36, No. 4, Fall 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Steroids and Home Runs By De Vany, Arthur Economic Inquiry, Vol. 49, No. 2, April 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Steroid Use, Football, and Catastrophic Injuries: The Paradox of Performance-Enhancing Drug Use By Fogel, Curtis Studies in Sociology of Science, Vol. 3, No. 1, March 1, 2012
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Testes to Testy: A Look at Anabolic Steroids By Gutzler, Christa M Nutrition Health Review, No. 100, Winter 2009
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