Arthritis

arthritis, painful inflammation of a joint or joints of the body, usually producing heat and redness. There are many kinds of arthritis. In its various forms, arthritis disables more people than any other chronic disorder. The condition can be brought about by nerve impairment, increased or decreased function of the endocrine glands, or degeneration due to age. Less frequently, it is caused by infection (tuberculosis, gonorrhea, Lyme disease, rheumatic fever).

Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease of unknown cause, is the most crippling form. Women are much more susceptible to it than men. Although rheumatoid arthritis usually appears between the ages of 25 and 50, it also occurs in children. Osteoarthritis, the most common type, occurs usually in people over 50. It tends to be more severe when the joints have been strained by obesity or overwork. Gout, the third most common form of arthritis, affects men almost exclusively.

Symptomatic treatment for arthritis includes use of heat, physical therapy, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as a cox-2 inhibitor (Celebrex), aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Remission of symptoms can sometimes be achieved with methotrexate, gold salts, penicillamine, and short-term cortisone, but they often have undesirable side effects. Orthopedic surgery, including artificial joint implantation, may be done in severe cases.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Arthritis: Selected full-text books and articles

About Arthritis By Bomar, Marilee G International Journal of Humanities and Peace, Vol. 22, No. 1, Annual 2006
Arthritis: What Works. What Doesn't By Felson, David Nutrition Action Healthletter, Vol. 44, No. 8, October 2017
Arthritis: Managing Pain through Healthy Moves By McGill, Natalie The Nation's Health, Vol. 46, No. 3, April 2016
Arthritis Self-Management Lags, despite Data By Zoler, Mitchel L Clinical Psychiatry News, Vol. 39, No. 3, March 2011
Patient Advocacy and Arthritis: Moving Forward By Leong, Amye L.; Euller-Ziegler, Liana Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Vol. 82, No. 2, February 2004
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Depressive Symptoms and the Risk of Arthritis: A Survival Analysis Using Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative By Vennu, Vishal; Misra, Harsh; Misra, Asha Indian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 61, No. 5, September-October 2019
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Does an Improvement in Sleep Behavior Result in Improved Function in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis? By Bagwell, Latoya; Prince, Latasha; Davis, Zach; Pitt, Rosalyn Journal of the National Society of Allied Health, Vol. 7, No. 8, Annual 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Proximity to Traffic, Ambient Air Pollution, and Community Noise in Relation to Incident Rheumatoid Arthritis By De Roos, Anneclaire J.; Koehoorn, Mieke; Tamburic, Lillian; Davies, Hugh W.; Brauer, Michael Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 122, No. 10, October 2014
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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