Insomnia

insomnia, abnormal wakefulness or inability to sleep. The condition may result from illness or physical discomfort, or it may be caused by stimulants such as coffee or drugs. However, frequently some psychological factor, such as worry or tension, is the cause. Mild insomnia may often be relieved by a soothing activity like reading or listening to soft music. Chronic or severe insomnia requires treatment of the underlying physical or psychological disorder. In a few, very rare cases, individuals in certain families are subject to an incurable inherited insomia caused by prions that form plaques in the thalamus; the disease appears suddenly in adulthood and ultimately is fatal.

Many patients respond to the assurance that their sleeplessness is a result of normal anxieties or a treatable physical disorder. Opportunities to ventilate anxieties often ease distress and helps resume normal sleeping patterns. Elderly persons are encourage to exercise more during the day; instructed relaxation, administration of tryptophan, and intake of warm milk helps some patients sleep. Sedatives and hypnotics drugs may be employed if the sleeplessness is impairing the subject's sense of well being. Those who wake because of pain receive an analgesic at bedtime; for those who experience insomnia accompanied with depression, an antidepressant often suffices.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Insomnia: Selected full-text books and articles

Epidemiology of Sleep: Age, Gender, and Ethnicity By Kenneth L. Lichstein; H. Heith Durrence; Brant W. Riedel; Daniel J. Taylor; Andrew J. Bush Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "A Review of Epidemiological Studies of Insomnia and Sleep" and Chap. 5 "An Archive of Insomnia"
Sleep Disorders: Diagnosis, Management and Treatment : a Handbook for Clinicians By Peretz Lavie; Giora Pillar; Atul Malhotra Martin Dunitz, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Insomnia"
Secrets of Sleep By Alexander Borbely; Deborah Schneider Basic Books, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "'I Didn't Sleep a Wink all Night': Insomnia and Disorders of Sleeping and Waking"
Diagnosis, Conceptualization, and Treatment Planning for Adults: A Step-by-Step Guide By Michel Hersen; Linda Krug Porzelius Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Primary Insomnia"
A Cognitive Theory and Therapy for Chronic Insomnia By Harvey, Allison G Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Presleep Cognitive Activity and Thought Control Strategies in Insomnia By Bélanger, Lynda; Morin, Charles M.; Gendron, Linda; Blais, France C Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Advances and New Directions By Silvano Arieti; H. Keith H. Brodie Basic Books, 1981 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 22 "Sleep Disorders: Evaluation and Management in the Office Setting"
Stress and Coping By Tiffany M. Field; Philip M. McCabe; Neil Schneiderman Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "Applications: Anxiety, Depression, Schizophrenia, Narcolepsy, and Insomnia" begins on p. 72
The Role of Acceptance and Mindfulness in the Treatment of Insomnia By Lundh, Lars-Gunnar Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Women's Mental Health in Primary Care By Kathryn J. Zerbe W. B. Saunders, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Insomnia"
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy with Older People By Ken Laidlaw; Larry W. Thompson; Leah Dick-Siskin; Dolores Gallagher-Thompson Wiley, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Insomnia and Sleep Disorders"
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