Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

SARS

SARS or severe acute respiratory syndrome, communicable viral disease that can progress to a potentially fatal pneumonia. The first symptoms of SARS are usually a high fever, headache and body aches, sore throat, and mild respiratory symptoms; diarrhea may occur. A dry cough and shortness of breath typically develop two to seven days after the first symptoms, and in most persons pneumonia develops in a lobe of the lungs. In 10%–20% of all patients, the pneumonia spreads to other lobes, and death occurs in about 9% of all cases. The death rate is higher among older persons. There is no vaccine or treatment for the virus that causes the disease.

SARS is caused by a coronavirus, one of a group of viruses that are responsible for about one third of all cases of the common cold. The variety that causes SARS had not been previously identified, and may have been transmitted to humans from civets or bats; a number of studies have suggested that bats were the ultimate source of the virus and civets were intermediate hosts. Infection with SARS mainly occurs when a person in close contact with someone who has the disease is exposed to exhaled droplets. The spread of the disease has been controlled by isolating infected patients and quarantining those exposed to them.

The disease apparently first occurred in Nov., 2002, in Foshan, Guangdong prov., China, but provincial authorities withheld information about it, and when it spread to Beijing local authorities there acted similarly. In Feb., 2003, the World Health Organization first noted reports of cases of atypical pneumonia from China, but Chinese officials did not begin cooperating fully with international experts until April. SARS subsequently spread to some 30 countries on five continents, and affected the economies of China, Hong Kong, and Toronto, where cases were the highest; Taiwan and Singapore were also hard hit. No new cases have been reported since 2004. The rapid international spread of the 2002–3 outbreak was facilitated by air travel and the lack of prompt, early information about SARS from Chinese officials.

See study by T. Abraham (2004).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): Selected full-text books and articles

Encyclopedia of Family Health By David B. Jacoby; Robert M. Youngson Marshall Cavendish, vol.13, 2005 (3rd edition)
Librarian's tip: "SARS" begins on p. 1863
WHO Governs? Limited Global Governance by the World Health Organization during the SARS Outbreak By Smith, Frank L Social Alternatives, Vol. 28, No. 2, Second Quarter 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
At the Epicentre: Hong Kong and the SARS Outbreak By Christine Loh; Civic Exchange Hong Kong University Press, 2004
Microbe: Are We Ready for the Next Plague? By Alan P. Zelicoff; Michael Bellomo American Management Association, 2005
Outcomes of SARS Survivors in China: Not Only Physical and Psychiatric Co-Morbidities By Xiang, Yu-Tao; Yu, Xin; Ungvari, Gabor S.; Correll, Christoph U.; Chiu, Helen Fung-Kum East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, Vol. 24, No. 1, March 2014
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Life Cycle of a Pandemic Crisis: SARS Impact on Air Travel By Liu, Jun; Moss, Steven E.; Zhang, Jonathan Journal of International Business Research, Vol. 10, No. 2, July 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Psychological Impact on SARS Survivors: Critical Review of the English Language Literature By Gardner, Paula J.; Moallef, Parvaneh Canadian Psychology, Vol. 56, No. 1, February 2015
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
On the SARS Beat By Ricchiardi, Sherry American Journalism Review, Vol. 25, No. 5, June-July 2003
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