Pediatric Medicine


pediatrics (pēdēă´trĬks), branch of medicine dedicated to the attainment of the best physical, emotional, and social health for infants, children, and young people generally. Pediatrics became a specialty in 1930 when the American Academy of Pediatrics was founded with the idea that children have special developmental and health-care needs. Pediatricians devote much of their time to regular health examinations, as well as to preventive medicine and health practices. They routinely immunize children against such infectious diseases as influenza, meningitis, measles, mumps, and chicken pox. In addition to their immediate health-care duties, pediatricians act as advocates for children in endorsing public education, access to health care, and services to children. These measures have led to better development and health of young people as well as a dwindling of morbidity and mortality rates. The American Academy of Pediatrics maintains 41 sections consisting of members who have interests in specialized areas of pediatrics such as immunology, adolescent health, cardiology, emergency medicine, surgery and diseases of special organs and systems. A number of surgeons specialize in pediatric surgery, and pediatricians known as neonatologists specialize in the care of premature babies, critically ill children, and those with congenital malformations.

See historical study by S. Halpern (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Pediatric Medicine: Selected full-text books and articles

Nurturing Children: A History of Pediatrics By A. R. Colón; P. A. Colón Greenwood Press, 1999
Child Development and Behavioral Pediatrics By Janice L. Genevro; Marc H. Bornstein Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996
Families, Physicians, and Children with Special Health Needs: Collaborative Medical Education Models By Rosalyn Benjamin Darling; Margo I. Peter Auburn House, 1994
Librarian's tip: Chap. 7 "Graduate Medical Education in Pediatrics: Preparing Reliable Allies for Parents of Children with Special Health Care Needs"
Children with Cancer: The Quality of Life By Christine Eiser Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "Pediatric Oncology: A Medical Overview"
Incorporating Environmental Health into Pediatric Medical and Nursing Education By McCurdy, Leyla Erk; Lover, Ed; Rogers, Bonnie; Love, Rebecca; Etzel, Ruth; Paulson, Jerome; Witherspoon, Nsedu Obot; Dearry, Allen Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 112, No. 17, December 2004
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Handbook of Psychology and Health By Andrew F. Baum; Jerome E. Singer Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, vol.2, 1982
Librarian's tip: Chap. 1 "Prenatal and Neonatal Issues in Pediatric Practice"
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