Kurt Godel

Gödel, Kurt

Kurt Gödel (gö´dəl), 1906–78, American mathematician and logician, b. Brünn (now Brno, Czech Republic), grad. Univ. of Vienna (Ph.D., 1930). He came to the United States in 1940 and was naturalized in 1948. He was a member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, until 1953, when he became professor of mathematics at Princeton. He is best known for his work in mathematical logic, particularly for his theorem (1931) stating that the various branches of mathematics are based in part on propositions that are not provable within the system itself, although they may be proved by means of logical (metamathematical) systems external to mathematics. Gödel shared the 1951 Albert Einstein Award for achievement in the natural sciences with Julian Schwinger, Harvard mathematical physicist. His writings include Foundations of Mathematics (1969).

See H. Wang, Reflections on Kurt Gödel (1987); E. Nagel et al., Gödel's Proof (rev. ed. 2001); R. Goldstein, The Proof and Paradox of Kurt Gödel (2005); P. Yourgrau, A World without Time: The Forgotten Legacy of Gödel and Einstein (2005).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Kurt Godel: Selected full-text books and articles

Godel's Theorem in Focus By S. G. Shanker Routledge, 1989
Godel's Proof By James R. Newman; Ernest Nagel Routledge, 1989
The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics: An Essay on the Philosophy of Mathematics By J. R. Lucas Routledge, 2000
Librarian's tip: Chap. 8 "The Implications of Godel's Theorem"
In the Light of Logic By Solomon Feferman Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Part III "Godel"
Facing Facts By Stephen Neale Clarendon Press, 2001
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "Godel: Facts and Descriptions"
Naturalism in Mathematics By Penelope Maddy Clarendon, 2000
Librarian's tip: "Godelian Realism" begins on p. 89 and "A Second Godelian Theme" begins on p. 172
Mathematics, Education, and Philosophy: An International Perspective By Paul Ernest Falmer Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: Chap. 13 "Skolem and Godel"
Applying the Laws of Logic to the Logic of Law By Bavli, Hillel Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 33, No. 3, March 2006
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