Thomas Henry Huxley

Thomas Henry Huxley, 1825–95, English biologist and educator, grad. Charing Cross Hospital, 1845. Huxley gave up his own biological research to become an influential scientific publicist and was the principal exponent of Darwinism in England. An agnostic (see agnosticism), he doubted all things not immediately open to logical analysis and scientific verification. He held up truth as an ideal and spoke and wrote frequently on its tool, the scientific method, and its yield, the evolutionary theory. He placed human ethics outside the scope of the materialistic processes of evolution; he believed that civilization is man's protest against nature and that progress is achieved by the human control of evolution. Huxley held numerous public offices, serving on 10 royal commissions (1862–84). His many works include Evolution and Ethics (1893), Collected Essays (9 vol., 1893–94), Scientific Memoirs (4 vol., 1898–1902), and an autobiography (1903).

See selected writings, ed. by C. Bibby (1967); biographies by Huxley's son Leonard (1920, repr. 1969) and C. Bibby (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2016, The Columbia University Press.

Thomas Henry Huxley: Selected full-text books and articles

Thomas Henry Huxley By William Irvine Longmans, Green, 1960
FREE! Lay Sermons, Addresses, and Reviews By Thomas Henry Huxley D. Appleton & Company, 1871
FREE! Autobiography and Selected Essays By Thomas Henry Huxley; Ada L. F. Snell The Riverside Press Cambridge, 1909
FREE! Science and Culture: And Other Essays By Thomas Henry Huxley D. Appleton & Company, 1882
FREE! Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley By Leonard Huxley; Thomas Henry Huxley New York D. Appleton and Company, vol.1, 1901
FREE! Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley By Leonard Huxley D. Appleton & Co., vol.2, 1901
Infidels and Heretics: An Agnostic's Anthology By Clarence Darrow; Wallace Rice Stratford, 1929
Librarian’s tip: "Agnosticism" by Thomas Henry Huxley begins on p. 3
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Darwinism: Critical Reviews from Dublin Review, Edinburgh Review, Quarterly Review By Alfred Russell Wallace; James Rowland Angell; J. Mark Baldwin; Francis Galton; Thomas Henry Huxley; Daniel N. Robinson University Publications of America, 1977
Librarian’s tip: "Evolution and Ethics" by Thomas Henry Huxley begins on p. 191
Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution By Gertrude Himmelfarb Doubleday, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Huxley begins on p. 203
The Mid-Victorian Generation, 1846-1886 By K. Theodore Hoppen Clarendon Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Huxley begins on p. 488
Good Tidings: The Belief in Progress from Darwin to Marcuse By W. Warren Wagar Indiana University Press, 1972
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Science and the Human Prospect"
Darwin: Competition & Cooperation By Ashley Montagu Henry Schuman, 1952
Librarian’s tip: "Huxley vs. Kropotkin--Competition vs. Co-operation" begins on p. 38
Death in the Victorian Family By Pat Jalland Oxford University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 17 "'A Solitude beyond the Reach of God or Man': Victorian Agnostics and Death"
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