Exxon Valdez Oil Spill


Valdez (văldēz´), city (1990 pop. 4,068), Valdez-Chitina-Whittier census div., S Alaska, at the head of Valdez Arm inside Prince William Sound; inc. 1901. It has tourist and fishing industries, as well as salmon spawning grounds. The city's excellent, nearly landlocked ice-free harbor was explored and named by the Spaniards in 1790. Valdez was established (1898) as a debarkation point for those seeking a route to the Yukon gold fields that would obviate the necessity of paying duty to Canada. Following a devastating earthquake and tidal wave in 1964, the city was rebuilt at a location 5 mi (8 km) west of the old site. Valdez is the southern terminus of the trans-Alaskan oil pipeline, built in the 1970s, that originates in Prudhoe Bay. Its port facilities were greatly enlarged in the mid-1970s. On Mar. 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez hit a reef near Valdez and spilled 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound. Clean-up efforts ensued, but much wildlife was killed or endangered as a result of the environmental disaster.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Selected full-text books and articles

The Economics of a Disaster: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill By Bruce M. Owen; David A. Argue; Harold W. Furchtgott-Roth; Gloria J. Hurdle; Gale Mosteller Quorum Books, 1995
The Corporation, Ethics, and the Environment By W. Michael Hoffman; Robert Frederick; Edward S. Petry Jr Quorum Books, 1990
Librarian's tip: Chap. 10 "The Exxon Valdez Crisis"
Crisis Communications: A Casebook Approach By Kathleen Fearn-Banks Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002 (2nd edition)
Librarian's tip: Chap. Seven "Case: Exxon and the Valdez Oil Spill"
Scientific Argument in Organizational Crisis Communication: The Case of Exxon By Sellnow, Timothy L Argumentation and Advocacy, Vol. 30, No. 1, Summer 1993
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Global Governance, Economy and Law: Waiting for Justice By Errol Mendes; Ozay Mehmet Routledge, 2003
Librarian's tip: "The Environmental Impact of Corporate Activities: The Exxon Valdez Disaster, More Than a Decade Later, as a Case Study" begins on p. 123
Communication and Organizational Crisis By Matthew W. Seeger; Timothy L. Sellnow; Robert R. Ulmer Praeger, 2003
Librarian's tip: "The Exxon Valdez" begins on p. 113
A Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Merchant Marine and Shipping Industry: Since the Introduction of Steam By René De La Pedraja Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: Discussion of the Exxon Valdez oil spill begins on p. 194
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