Exxon Valdez Oil Spill


Valdez (văldēz´), city (1990 pop. 4,068), Valdez-Chitina-Whittier census div., S Alaska, at the head of Valdez Arm inside Prince William Sound; inc. 1901. It has tourist and fishing industries, as well as salmon spawning grounds. The city's excellent, nearly landlocked ice-free harbor was explored and named by the Spaniards in 1790. Valdez was established (1898) as a debarkation point for those seeking a route to the Yukon gold fields that would obviate the necessity of paying duty to Canada. Following a devastating earthquake and tidal wave in 1964, the city was rebuilt at a location 5 mi (8 km) west of the old site. Valdez is the southern terminus of the trans-Alaskan oil pipeline, built in the 1970s, that originates in Prudhoe Bay. Its port facilities were greatly enlarged in the mid-1970s. On Mar. 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez hit a reef near Valdez and spilled 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound. Clean-up efforts ensued, but much wildlife was killed or endangered as a result of the environmental disaster.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Selected full-text books and articles

Ten Years after the Spill Newsweek, Vol. 133, No. 13, March 29, 1999
The Exxon Valdez Spill: 10 Years Later By Berg, Catherine Endangered Species Bulletin, Vol. 24, No. 2, March 1999
The Economics of a Disaster: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill By Bruce M. Owen; David A. Argue; Harold W. Furchtgott-Roth; Gloria J. Hurdle; Gale Mosteller Quorum Books, 1995
High Court Slashes Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Damages By Richey, Warren The Christian Science Monitor, June 26, 2008
The Corporation, Ethics, and the Environment By W. Michael Hoffman; Robert Frederick; Edward S. Petry Jr Quorum Books, 1990
Assessing the Damage: Practitioner Perspectives on the Valdez By Harrison, E. Bruce; Prugh, Tom Public Relations Journal, Vol. 45, No. 10, October 1989
Scientific Argument in Organizational Crisis Communication: The Case of Exxon By Sellnow, Timothy L Argumentation and Advocacy, Vol. 30, No. 1, Summer 1993
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Crisis Communications: A Casebook Approach By Kathleen Fearn-Banks Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002 (2nd edition)
Communication and Organizational Crisis By Matthew W. Seeger; Timothy L. Sellnow; Robert R. Ulmer Praeger, 2003
Librarian's tip: "The Exxon Valdez" begins on p. 113
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