Shoshone Indians


Shoshone or Shoshoni (shəshō´nē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). In the early 19th cent. the Shoshone occupied SE California, NW Utah, SW Montana, W Wyoming, S Idaho, and NE Nevada. The Shoshone were traditionally divided into four groups: the Comanche of W Texas, a historically recent subdivision of the Wind River Shoshone of Wyoming; the Northern Shoshone of Idaho and Utah, who had horses and ranged across the Great Plains in search of buffalo; the Western Shoshone, who did not use horses and subsisted mainly on nuts and other wild vegetation; and the Wind River Shoshone of Wyoming. Today the Shoshone live on reservations in California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming. In 1990 there were some 9,500 Shoshone in the United States.

See V. C. Trenholm and M. Carley, The Shoshonis, Sentinels of the Rockies (1964); E. Dorn, The Shoshoneans (1966); J. G. Jorgensen, The Sun Dance Religion (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Shoshone Indians: Selected full-text books and articles

FREE! Notes on Shoshonean Dialects of Southern California By A. L. Kroeber University of California, 1909
The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre By Brigham D. Madsen University of Utah Press, vol.1, 1985
Basin-Plateau Aboriginal Sociopolitical Groups By Julian H. Steward United States Government Printing Office, 1938
Librarian’s tip: "Western Independent Shoshoni Villages" begins on p. 68, and "Northern Shoshoni Bands" begins on p. 186
Shoshone Tales By Anne M. Smith; Alden Hayes University of Utah Press, 1993
Washakie: Chief of the Shoshones By Grace Raymond Hebard University of Nebraska Press, 1995
Trickster in the Land of Dreams By Zeese Papanikolas University of Nebraska Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "Shoshone Myths and Their Retelling" begins on p. 155
Wyoming, a Guide to Its History, Highways, and People By Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Wyoming University of Nebraska Press, 1981
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Shoshone Indians begins on p. 52
Utah's History By Richard D. Poll; Thomas G. Alexander; Eugene E. Campbell; David E. Miller Utah State University Press, 1989
Librarian’s tip: "The Shoshoni People" begins on p. 26
The Making of Sacagawea: A Euro-American Legend By Donna J. Kessler University of Alabama Press, 1996
In Mountain Shadows: A History of Idaho By Carlos A. Schwantes University of Nebraska Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "The Real Sacagawea" begins on p. 23
Lewis and Clark among the Indians By James P. Ronda University of Nebraska Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Shoshone Indians begins on p. 133
The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History By Carlos Arnaldo Schwantes University of Nebraska Press, 1996 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Shoshone Indians begins on p. 35
American Indian Leaders: Studies in Diversity By R. David Edmunds University of Nebraska Press, 1980
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Shoshone Indians begins on p. 131
The Native American Sun Dance Religion and Ceremony: An Annotated Bibliography By Phillip M. White Greenwood Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Shoshone" begins on p. 75
Essie's Story: The Life and Legacy of a Shoshone Teacher By Esther Burnett Horne; Sally McBeth University of Nebraska Press, 1998
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