Homelessness

homelessness, the condition of not having a permanent place to live, widely perceived as a societal problem only beginning in the 1980s. Figures for the number of homeless people in the United States are imprecise, but it was estimated that 700,000 people were homeless per night in the late 1990s and 610,000 per night in the early 2010s. A survey made in 1994 found that 12 million Americans had experienced homelessness at some point in their lives. The vast majority of those who are homeless consists of single men and families with children. The problem exists in all major cities and many smaller communities. The causes range from large-scale deinstitutionalization of mentally ill people to disintegration of the social fabric in minority communities, drug and alcohol abuse, relatively stagnant wages at lower income levels, cutbacks in federal social-welfare programs, job loss, reductions in public housing, and rent increases and real-estate speculation. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (1987) established federal support for the building and maintenance of emergency homeless shelters. The Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act (2009) focused greater emphasis on homelessness prevention and continuing efforts to eliminate chronic homelessness. Among the efforts to reduce chronic homelessness, which involves people with disabling behavioral or health conditions who experience repeated or prolonged periods of homelessness, is the Housing First program, which emphasizes placing in homeless into housing with some support before requiring. for example, treatment for addiction; the program represents a reversal of the typical earlier approach.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Homelessness: Selected full-text books and articles

Homeless: Poverty and Place in Urban America By Ella Howard University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013
Reckoning with Homelessness By Kim Hopper Cornell University Press, 2003
Homeless Mothers: Face to Face with Women and Poverty By Deborah R. Connolly University of Minnesota Press, 2000
The Cruel and Unusual Criminalization of Homelessness: Factoring Individual Accountability into the Proportionality Principle By O'Connor, Elizabeth M. M Texas Journal on Civil Liberties & Civil Rights, Vol. 12, No. 1/2, Fall 2006
Ending Homelessness in Our Time: Why Smart Government Is Key By Donovan, Shaun The Public Manager, Vol. 40, No. 4, Winter 2011
Homelessness and Human Rights: Regarding and Responding to Homelessness as a Human Rights Violation By Lynch, Philip; Cole, Jacqueline Melbourne Journal of International Law, Vol. 4, No. 1, May 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A Right to Housing: Foundation for a New Social Agenda By Rachel G. Bratt; Michael E. Stone; Chester Hartman Temple University Press, 2006
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Responses to Homelessness: Past Policies, Future Directions, and a Right to Housing"
Intervention Strategies with the Homeless Population By Dykeman, Bruce F Journal of Instructional Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 1, March 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Answering the Call: Facilitating Responsive Services for Students Experiencing Homelessness By Grothaus, Tim; Lorelle, Sonya; Anderson, Kie; Knight, Jasmine Professional School Counseling, Vol. 14, No. 3, February 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Politics of Homelessness: Shelter Now and Political Protest By Williams, Jean Calterone Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 58, No. 3, September 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Braving the Street: The Anthropology of Homelessness By Irene Glasser; Rae Bridgman Berghahn Books, 1999
The New Poverty: Homeless Families in America By Ralph da Costa Nunez Insight Books, 1996
International Perspectives on Homelessness By Valerie Polakow; Cindy Guillean Greenwood Press, 2001
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