Demographic Transition


demography (dĬmŏg´rəfē), science of human population. Demography represents a fundamental approach to the understanding of human society. Its primary tasks are to ascertain the number of people in a given area, to determine what change that number represents from a previous census, to explain the change, and to estimate the future trends of population changes. The demographer also traces the origins of population changes and studies their impact. Demographers compile and analyze data that are useful for understanding various social systems and for establishing public policy in such areas as housing, education, and unemployment.

See K. Davis, ed., Demography Series (20 vol., 1976).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Demographic Transition: Selected full-text books and articles

The Continuing Demographic Transition By G. W. Jones; R. M. Douglas; J. C. Caldwell; R. M. D'Souza Clarendon Press, 1997
Dynamics of Values in Fertility Change By Richard Leete Oxford University, 1999
Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World By Nancy Birdsall; Allen C. Kelley; Steven Sinding Oxford University Press, 2001
Librarian's tip: Chap. 7 "Cumulative Causality, Economic Growth, and the Demographic Transition"
How Many People Can the Earth Support? By Joel E. Cohen Norton, 1995
Librarian's tip: Discussion of demographic transition begins on p.46
The Demographic Dividend: A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change By David E. Bloom; David Canning; Jaypee Sevilla Rand, 2003
Librarian's tip: Chap. Two "Demographic Transitions and the 'Demographic Dividend'"
The Fertility Transition in Latin America By José Miguel Guzmán; Susheela Singh; Germán Rodríguez; Edith A. Pantelides Clarendon Press, 1996
The Middle East's Demographic Transition: What Does It Mean? By Laipson, Ellen Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 56, No. 1, Fall 2002
Population Change and Economic Development in East Asia: Challenges Met, Opportunities Seized By Andrew Mason Stanford University Press, 2001
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "Saving, Wealth, and the Demographic Transition in East Asia"
The Demography of Sociopolitical Conflict in Japan, 1721-1846 By James W. White Institute of East Asian Studies, 1992
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