demography (dĬmŏg´rəfē), science of human population. Demography represents a fundamental approach to the understanding of human society. Its primary tasks are to ascertain the number of people in a given area, to determine what change that number represents from a previous census, to explain the change, and to estimate the future trends of population changes. The demographer also traces the origins of population changes and studies their impact. Demographers compile and analyze data that are useful for understanding various social systems and for establishing public policy in such areas as housing, education, and unemployment.

See K. Davis, ed., Demography Series (20 vol., 1976).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Demography: Selected full-text books and articles

The Methods and Uses of Anthropological Demography By Alaka M. Basu; Peter Aaby Clarendon Press, 1998
The Continuing Demographic Transition By G. W. Jones; R. M. Douglas; J. C. Caldwell; R. M. D'Souza Clarendon Press, 1997
Demographics: A Casebook for Business and Government By Hallie J. Kintner; Thomas W. Merrick; Peter A. Morrison; Paul R. Voss Rand, 1997
Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography By Simon Szreter; Hania Sholkamy; A. Dharmalingam Oxford University Press, 2004
The Demography of Africa By James D. Tarver Praeger, 1996
Demographic Responses to Economic Adjustment in Latin America By G. Tapinos; A. Mason; J. Bravo Oxford University, 1997
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