demography (dĬmŏg´rəfē), science of human population. Demography represents a fundamental approach to the understanding of human society. Its primary tasks are to ascertain the number of people in a given area, to determine what change that number represents from a previous census, to explain the change, and to estimate the future trends of population changes. The demographer also traces the origins of population changes and studies their impact. Demographers compile and analyze data that are useful for understanding various social systems and for establishing public policy in such areas as housing, education, and unemployment.

See K. Davis, ed., Demography Series (20 vol., 1976).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Demography: Selected full-text books and articles

The Methods and Uses of Anthropological Demography
Alaka M. Basu; Peter Aaby.
Clarendon Press, 1998
The Demographic Dividend: A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change
David E. Bloom; David Canning; Jaypee Sevilla.
Rand, 2003
The Continuing Demographic Transition
G. W. Jones; R. M. Douglas; J. C. Caldwell; R. M. D'Souza.
Clarendon Press, 1997
Demographics: A Casebook for Business and Government
Hallie J. Kintner; Thomas W. Merrick; Peter A. Morrison; Paul R. Voss.
Rand, 1997
Population, Ethnicity, and Nation-Building
Calvin Goldscheider.
Westview Press, 1995
Population Dynamics: A New Economic Approach
C. Y. Cyrus Chu.
Oxford US, 1998
Population Estimation and Projection: Methods for Marketing, Demographic, and Planning Personnel
James C. Raymondo.
Quorum Books, 1992
The Security Dynamics of Demographic Factors
Brian Nichiporuk.
Rand, 2000
Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography
Simon Szreter; Hania Sholkamy; A. Dharmalingam.
Oxford University Press, 2004
The Demography of Africa
James D. Tarver.
Praeger, 1996
Demographic Applications of Event History Analysis
James Trussell.
Oxford University, 1992
Demographic Responses to Economic Adjustment in Latin America
G. Tapinos; A. Mason; J. Bravo.
Oxford University, 1997
Population Dynamics: Causes and Consequences of World Demographic Change
Ralph Thomlinson.
Random House, 1976 (2nd edition)
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