nativism, in anthropology, social movement that proclaims the return to power of the natives of a colonized area and the resurgence of native culture, along with the decline of the colonizers. The term has also been used to refer to a widespread attitude in a society of a rejection of alien persons or culture. Nativism occurs within almost all areas of nonindustrial culture known to anthropologists. One of the earliest careful studies of nativism was that of James Mooney (1896), who studied the Ghost Dance among Native Americans of the W United States. In 1943, Ralph Linton published a brief paper on nativistic movements that served to establish the phenomenon as a special topic in anthropological studies of culture change.

See A. Wallace, The Death and Rebirth of the Seneca (1972) and J. Higham, Strangers in the Land (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Nativism: Selected full-text books and articles

Nativism and Slavery: The Northern Know Nothings and the Politics of the 1850's
Tyler Anbinder.
Oxford University Press, 1992
Forging New Freedoms: Nativism, Education, and the Constitution, 1917-1927
William G. Ross.
University of Nebraska Press, 1994
Brass-Knuckle Crusade: The Great Know-Nothing Conspiracy, 1820-1860
Carletion Beals.
Hastings House, 1960
The Politics of Unreason: Right Wing Extremism in America, 1790-1970
Seymour Martin Lipset; Earl Raab.
Harper & Row, 1970
The Party of Fear: From Nativist Movements to the New Right in American History
David H. Bennett.
University of North Carolina Press, 1988
Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925
John Higham.
Rutgers University Press, 1955
Essays on American Antebellum Politics, 1840-1860
William E. Gienapp; Thomas B. Alexander; Michael F. Holt; Stephen E. Maizlish; Joel H. Silbey; Stephen E. Maizlish; John J. Kushma.
Texas A&M University Press, 1982
Librarian’s tip: Includes "The Meaning of Nativism and the Crisis of The Union: The Know-Nothing Movement in The Antebellum North"
Lingo Jingo: English Only and the New Nativism
Nunberg, Geoffrey.
The American Prospect, No. 33, July-August 1997
The Amesbury-Salisbury Strike and the Social Origins of Political Nativism in Antebellum Massachusetts
Voss-Hubbard, Mark.
Journal of Social History, Vol. 29, No. 3, Spring 1996
Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War
Eric Foner.
Oxford University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "The Republicans and Nativism"
Laws Harsh as Tigers: Chinese Immigrants and the Shaping of Modern Immigration Law
Lucy E. Salyer.
University of North Carolina Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Drawing the Sieve Tighter: The Rise of Nativism and Administrative Power"
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