Identity (in Psychology)


identity, in philosophy, problem of distinguishing sameness from change, or unity from diversity; primarily examined in connection with personal identity, universals, and the law of identity in logic. In personal identity the concern has been to determine whether anything in the body or mind remains constant; philosophers have reached no general agreement on this point. The term identity has also become increasingly important in modern psychology, largely through the work of Erik Erikson. He has used the term to designate a sense of self that develops in the course of a man's life and that both relates him to and sets him apart from his social milieu. The terms "identity crisis" and "identity confusion," introduced by Erikson, have gained a wide usage, which often varies from their intended technical sense.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Identity (in Psychology): Selected full-text books and articles

Questioning Identity: Gender, Class, Ethnicity By Kath Woodward Routledge, 2004 (2nd edition)
Discussions on Ego Identity By Jane Kroger Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1993
Self Expressions: Mind, Morals, and the Meaning of Life By Owen Flanagan Oxford University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Identity and Reflection"
Indivisible Selves and Moral Practice By Vinit Haksar Edinburgh University Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Part I "Persons and Personal Identity"
Identity Formation, Agency, and Culture: A Social Psychological Synthesis By James E. Côté; Charles G. Levine Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002
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