Francis Galton

Galton, Sir Francis

Sir Francis Galton (gôl´tən), 1822–1911, English scientist, founder of eugenics; cousin of Charles Darwin. He turned from exploration and meteorology (where he introduced the theory of the anticyclone) to the study of heredity and eugenics (a term that he coined). Galton devised the correlation coefficient and brought other statistical methods into this work, which was carried on by his pupil Karl Pearson as the science of biometrics. In his Hereditary Genius (1869) he presented strong evidence that talent is an inherited characteristic. Galton established a system of classifying fingerprints that is still used today. He was knighted in 1909. The best known of his books is Inquiries into Human Faculty (1883).

See his Memories of My Life (1908, repr. 1974); biographies by K. Pearson (3 vol. in 4, 1914–30), N. W. Gillham (2002), and M. Brookes (2004); study by H. F. Crovitz (1970).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Francis Galton: Selected full-text books and articles

Darwinism: Critical Reviews from Dublin Review, Edinburgh Review, Quarterly Review By Alfred Russell Wallace; James Rowland Angell; J. Mark Baldwin; Francis Galton; Thomas Henry Huxley; Daniel N. Robinson University Publications of America, 1977
Studies in Individual Differences: The Search for Intelligence By James J. Jenkins; Donald G. Paterson Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1961
Librarian's tip: "Classification of Men according to Their Natural Gifts" by Francis Galton begins on p. 1 and "Co-relations and Their Measurement, Chiefly from Anthropometric Data" by Francis Galton begins on p. 17
Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) By Lynn, Richard Mankind Quarterly, Vol. 53, No. 2, Winter 2012
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Introduction Francis Galton, `Kantsaywhere' and `the Donoghues of Dunno Weir'. (Utopian Texts) By Claeys, Gregory Utopian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2, Spring 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Prophet without Honor: Francis Galton and the Birth of Behavioral Genetics By Goldstein, Robert G Skeptic (Altadena, CA), Vol. 21, No. 1, Winter 2016
Eugenics: A Reassessment By Richard Lynn Praeger, 2001
Librarian's tip: Chap. 1 "Sir Francis Galton Lays the Foundations of Eugenics"
Eugenics and Utopia: Sexual Selection from Galton to Morris By Parrinder, Patrick Utopian Studies, Vol. 8, No. 2, Spring 1997
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Intelligence Men: Makers of the IQ Controversy By Raymond E. Fancher W. W. Norton, 1987
Librarian's tip: "Francis Galton: The Making of a Hereditarian" begins on p. 18
Greatness: Who Makes History and Why By Dean Keith Simonton Guilford, 1994
Librarian's tip: "Galton's Eugenics" begins on p. 10
Demography and Degeneration: Eugenics and the Declining Birthrate in Twentieth-Century Britain By Richard A. Soloway University of North Carolina Press, 1990
Librarian's tip: "Galton's Legacy" begins on p. 18 and "Galton, Pearson, and the Nature of Women" begins on p. 111
Smart Jews: The Construction of the Image of Jewish Superior Intelligence By Sander L. Gilman University of Nebraska Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: "Francis Galton and Jewish Character" begins on p. 33
The G Factor: The Science of Mental Ability By Arthur R. Jensen Praeger, 1998
Librarian's tip: "Galton and the Coming of Empirical Psychology" begins on p. 6
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