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ANPA Issues Clean Air Compliance Alert

Magazine article Editor & Publisher

ANPA Issues Clean Air Compliance Alert

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ANPA issues Clean Air compliance alert

The American Newspaper Publishers Association alerted members that they may be subject to mandatory state permitting regulations by November 1994 if, under federal Clean Air Act amendments, they are classified as major industrial sources of air pollutants. By 1999, all stationary industrial sources in a restricted air quality district will require permits.

The Clean Air Act is implemented by the states, where permits may supercede existing regulations. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is drafting guidelines to help states develop an emission-control program for offset lithography.

Classification as a major industrial source depends on emissions volume and whether a facility is located within a restricted air district. States and the air districts within them must have federally approved programs to prevent air quality degradation. Implementation and permitting programs must be in place by November 1993. Programs can set permit fees, restrict building construction and modification, and require use of emission controls.

According to the ANPA, "states may use the |potential to emit' in determining if a newspaper is a major source." That potential is a theoretical emission level corresponding to a plant's round-the-clock operation 365 days a year. "The permit, however, must be based on the actual emission calculated for your facility," the alert noted.

ANPA furnished the EPA with technical data that resulted in a preliminary guideline in which newspaper printing was separated from heatset and sheetfed.

So far, said the ANPA, "a maximum of 30% volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in blanket and other roller wash is the only recommended control technology applied to newspapers."

Also, research supplied by ANPA convinced the agency to reduce its calculated emissions for inks because newsprint retains 95% or more of the component oils. Nevertheless, large operations or those in restrictive air districts were advised they may have difficulty meeting certain restrictions.

The association recommended that newspapers keep precise records of raw material use to determine if a permit is needed and, if so, to confirm compliance. The alert says "state permitting programs most likely will use the amount of raw materials . . . to calculate emissions."

The alert gives the following procedure to determine VOC levels: find product volatility using EPA Test Method 24 only; find VOC level for each substance by converting to tons and multiplying by its Method 24 volatility percent (and, for ink only, by a further 0. …

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