Magazine article Geographical

How Much of Finland Is Land?

Magazine article Geographical

How Much of Finland Is Land?

Article excerpt

ANSWER: Finland's territorial boundaries encompass an area of 338,144 square kilometres, placing it just behind Germany in the list of Europe's largest countries. But Finland has the world's highest number of lakes--about 190,000 of them--covering an area of 33,615 square kilometres, so only about 90 per cent of Finland is land.

In time, Finland could catch up to Germany in size as it's one of the few European countries that are actually growing. In the UK, we can expect the total land area to shrink as global warming melts the ice caps and causes the sea's overall level to rise. Not so Finland, which has been rising for the past 5,000 years. According to the Finnish Institute of Marine Research, Finland's steady rise could cancel out the effects of an increase in sea level. On average, Finland is rising at a rate of one centimetre a year, and in some places, such as the shallow Liminganlahti Bay, the coast is advancing at a rate of 18 metres a year. …

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