Magazine article Newsweek

IN GOOD COMPANY; Women Hold Close to a Third of Top Management Jobs at Xerox. Inside a 'Kinder Culture.'

Magazine article Newsweek

IN GOOD COMPANY; Women Hold Close to a Third of Top Management Jobs at Xerox. Inside a 'Kinder Culture.'

Article excerpt

Byline: Daniel McGinn

Leslie Varon's boss lived by a simple rule: if he was in the office, she should be, too. In the early 1990s Varon worked in finance at Xerox, and the department's VP was an old-style organization man. "You could set your watch by the hours this man worked," Varon says, recalling 12-hour days that often began at 7 a.m. For Varon and her colleagues, that meant missing family dinners. After much discontent, they called a meeting. Couldn't they take work home in order to get out in time for supper? The boss agreed, slowly growing to believe that an employee's value lies in her work, not the hours spent at her desk. As for Varon, her earlier departures don't seem to have impeded her career: today she's Xerox's finance VP.

Her status as a female officer would make her a rarity at many companies, but not at Xerox. The $15.7 billion document-management company is one of only nine in the Fortune 500 with a female CEO, but its gender diversity extends far beyond the corner office. Of Xerox's 32 corporate officers, eight are women. So are 800 of its middle managers, more than 30 percent of the total. The company is routinely ranked among the best places for women to work. Inside its Connecticut headquarters, female employees describe a culture where no one hesitates to reschedule a meeting to take a child to the pediatrician. Managers are judged--and compensated--on meeting diversity goals. At Xerox, "people really believe this--this is not cosmetic," says David Nadler, chairman of Mercer Delta Consulting, who worked with Xerox for 20 years. "They don't see diversity as somehow in conflict with meritocracy."

It's an attitude that began taking root nearly 40 years ago, when Xerox's top management became concerned about its treatment of black employees. By the 1970s, Xerox was aggressively hiring blacks and supporting a caucus of black employees who met to network and discuss grievances. And as feminism took hold, Xerox's progressive attitudes on race made it especially receptive to changes. But David Kearns, Xerox's CEO from 1982 to 1991, says he moved to promote women not because of fairness or altruism but because drawing from a bigger labor pool would help Xerox compete. "You had to get all of the people [involved] or you weren't going to be able to succeed," he recalls. During the 1980s, female employees formed a Women's Alliance, which lobbied management to promote more women.

Many of today's senior Xerox women directly benefited from these early moves. Anne Mulcahy began as a sales rep in 1976. Though her numbers were great, she figured her Xerox career would be limited by her refusal to relocate with her husband and two children. But her bosses accommodated her by letting her commute to ever-bigger jobs. "[They said], 'We think you've got a career path here and we want you to take it as far as you can'," she says. She took it far indeed: in 2001, with Xerox mired in financial crisis, Mulcahy became CEO. She cut the work force from 79,000 to 58,000, refreshed the product line and strengthened the balance sheet. The result: its stock price is up 65 percent, and Mulcahy recently ranked ahead of Oprah Winfrey on Forbes's 2005 list of powerful women.

Like Mulcahy, other women who've ascended say their performance was the main propellant. But they admit being a woman usually helped. Some describe special mentoring or attention along the way. Ursula Burns, an African-American engineer who now runs Xerox's largest division, recalls "a special spotlight put on me" when she broke into the management ranks. …

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