Magazine article UN Chronicle

New UN Mission to Monitor African Borders

Magazine article UN Chronicle

New UN Mission to Monitor African Borders

Article excerpt

The Security Council on 22 June decided to establish the United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR), to be deployed on the Ugandan side of the border to verify that no military assistance reached Rwanda.

By unanimously adopting resolution 846 (1993), the Council also urged the Government of Rwanda and the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) to conclude quickly a comprehensive peace agreement and to refrain from any action that could contribute to tension.

The Secretary-General said (S/25810) that the deployment of observers could help promote negotiations between Rwanda and the RPF in Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania, and encourage the parties to pursue actively their efforts towards peace and national reconciliation.

UNOMUR, with an initial mandate of six months, will focus its observation activities on the transit of "lethal weapons and ammunition across the border, as well as any other material which could be of military use".

The Council welcomed the Secretary-General's decision to provide to the Organization of African Unity two military experts to support its peace efforts and assist its Neutral Military Observer Group.

The Secretary-General estimated that UNOMUR would require 81 military observers, 17 international and seven local civilian support staff.

A technical mission, led by the Secretary-General's Military Adviser, Brigadier-General Maurice Baril, visited Uganda and Rwanda between 2 and 6 April. …

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