Magazine article UN Chronicle

UN Monitors Continuing Conflicts

Magazine article UN Chronicle

UN Monitors Continuing Conflicts

Article excerpt

Conflict situations continued throughout several former Soviet republics, particularly in Azerbaijan and Tajikistan where, from July through September, the UN monitored and mediated peace-keeping and economic developments. Central to these efforts were the UN interim offices, established in 1992 in seven newly independent States-Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan - where the Organization previously had not had field representation. These offices were created to ensure that the UN response to those nations' special requirements was "properly coordinated from the outset", the Secretary-General stated (A/48/146/Add.1) on 20 July.

They also provided an opportunity to devise a "new model for United Nations representation at the country level", he said, in support of an integrated approach that would address comprehensively the political, socio-economic, environmental and humanitarian dimensions within each country. In addition, they would support the Secretary-General's endeavours for preventive diplomacy and peacemaking, the report added.

Following is an overview of some important developments from July through September 1993.

Armenia, Azerbaijan

Escalation in armed Hostilities in and around Nagorno-Karabakh - an Armenian-populated enclave in Azerbaijan-led the security Council on 29 July to express its, grave concern over the deteriorating situation in the area.

In unanimously adopting resolution 853 (1993), the Council demanded the immediate cessation of all hostilities and the "immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of the occupying forces involved from the district of Agdam and all other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijani Republic".

It condemned "all hostile actions", particularly attacks on civilians and bombardments of inhabited areas, and called on the parties concerned to reach and maintain durable cease-fire arrangements.

Endorsing the continuing efforts of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), particularly preparations for its monitor mission, as well as the Proposal for its presence in the region, the Council urged the parties to refrain from any action that would obstruct a peaceful solution to the conflict. It supported negotiations towards a final settlement, both within the CSCE Minsk Group peace process and through direct contacts.

Armenia was called upon to "continue to exert its influence to achieve compliance by the Armenians of the Nagorno-Karabakh region" with Council resolution 822 (1993), which called for an immediate cease-fire and withdrawal of forces.

All States were urged to "refrain from the supply of any weapons and munitions which might lead to an intensification of the conflict or the continued occupation of territory".

The Council called for "unimpeded access for international humanitarian

relief efforts" to alleviate the increased suffering of the civilian population. Urgent humanitarian assistance and the return of displaced persons were asked.

On 22 July, the Secretary-General, concerned over reports of renewed conflict in the area, urged restraint, an end to hostilities and full support for the Minsk Group's efforts.

A stop to all attacks and an immediate cessation of hostilities, as well as a complete withdrawal of occupying forces from Fizuli, Kelbadjar, Agdam and other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijani Republic, were demanded by the Council on 18 August.

In a statement (S/26326) by its President, Madeleine K. …

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