Magazine article Editor & Publisher

CAA, CAAA, CWA, NAQS, RCRA and You

Magazine article Editor & Publisher

CAA, CAAA, CWA, NAQS, RCRA and You

Article excerpt

These are the laws that protect the environment and your plant

Editor's Note: One of the functions of this section is to provide concise summaries of the forces that shape what we do to preserve our environment.

Federal laws are one of the strongest forces that influence a newspaper workplace.

Three executives at Lockwood Greene Engineers, Elliott Goldberg, director of environmental services, Maung Min, senior environmental engineer; and Michael Luciano, manager of the Newspaper Division, compiled this information.

One of the environments we live in is the legal environment. Here is a good description of current legislation that affects our work areas.

Congress has enacted a variety of laws designed to clean up pollution and to limit the contaminants released in the air, the water and the earth.

Air

The federal Clean Air Act Amendments initially were enacted in 1963 and modified in 1970 and 1977. The CAAA of 1990 involved major changes to environmental regulations and included a national permitting system to regulate air pollution emissions. Its purpose was to

protect the public health and the environment by indicating how and when the various industries involved must control a list of air toxics. Thee regulatory authority was given to the state and local governments.

The Environmental Protection Agency established the National Air Quality Standards, which included allowable ceilings for specific pollutants.

The EPA is required to regularly evaluate the compliance status of all geographic areas with respect to pollutants. An area where the NAQS are not being met is designated as a "non-attainment area" for that pollutant.

The Clean Air Act of 1990 included a list of 189 toxic chemicals to be controlled. One of the objectives of the CAA is to reduce emissionss of such chemicals by 90% by the year 2000.

Concerns about the efforts of hazardous air pollutants or air toxics resulted in the Title V operating permit program.

By Nov. 15, federally approved operating permit programs must be enacted by the states.

Within 12 months after the EPA has approved the state programs, the companies whose volatile organic compound emissions exceed levels set by the EPA can be considered major sources of air pollution and will be required to file for an operating permit. The newspaper industry falls into this category and those newspapers with VOC emissions that exceed the limits imposed by the EPA will have to adapt controls to reduce their air emissions to meet the regulations.

An EPA publication, Control Techniques Guidelines for Offset Lithographic Printing, describes the reasonably available control technology. …

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