Magazine article UN Chronicle

'Region of Peace' Called for; El Salvador Elections Near

Magazine article UN Chronicle

'Region of Peace' Called for; El Salvador Elections Near

Article excerpt

Supporting the declaration of Central America as a "region of peace, freedom, democracy and development", the General Assembly on 20 December noted with interest proposals to establish a "new model of regional security" there. Such a model, the Assembly said in adopting without a vote resolution 48/161, was to be based on a reasonable balance of forces, the pre-eminence of civilian authority, the eradication of extreme poverty, the promotion of sustained development, protection of the environment and the elimination of violence, corruption, terrorism and trafficking in drugs and weapons".

Progress in strengthening democracy in Central America - as demonstrated by the upcoming elections in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Panama - was welcomed.

In other action, the General Assembly on 22 October (resolution 4818) called for all possible assistance to support the consolidation of peace" in Nicaragua and for the process of sustained economic recovery and development that would "render the peace and democracy achieved irreversible".

In resolution 48/199, the Assembly on 21 December urged continuing support for the 1988 Special Plan of Economic Cooperation for Central America and the creation of update and new regional programmes to prevent reversal of achievements in the region and build peace through integrated and sustained development.

Onusal extended

On 30 November, the Security Council extended the mandate of the UN Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) for a further six months, until 31 May 1994.

In unanimously adopting resolution 888 (1993), the Council also condemned recent acts of violence, which might indicate "renewed activity by illegal armed groups" and could, "if unchecked, negatively affect the peace process" in El Salvador, including elections scheduled for 20 March 1994.

The Government and the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacio Nacional (FMLN) were urged to "make determined efforts to prevent political violence and accelerate compliance with their commitments" under the 1992 Mexico City Peace Accords.

The Council supported an "impartial, independent and credible investigation" by the UN and El Salvador of the illegal groups. It expressed concern over "continuing problems and delays" in implementing the Accords. Parties were urged to remove all obstacles to the land transfer programme, stressing the need to accelerate reintegration programmes for ex-combatants of both sides.

Established on 20 May 1991 under Security Council resolution 693 1991) to monitor all agreements between El Salvador and the FMLN, ONUSAL, initially verified compliance with the 1990 San Jose Agreement on Human Rights. …

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