Magazine article Nutrition Health Review

Blood-Saving Techniques Help Children in Surgery

Magazine article Nutrition Health Review

Blood-Saving Techniques Help Children in Surgery

Article excerpt

CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA: Two blood-saving techniques have been shown to reduce or eliminate dramatically the need for donated blood in chidren undergoing open heart surgery, according to medical researchers at the University of North Carolina Medical School.

The techniques, in which a child's own blood is saved and used, also reduce bleeding during the 24-hour period following surgery, said Robert D. Valley, M.D., assistant professor of anesthesia and pediatrics at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill.

In one of the techniques, called acute autologous donation, a child donates his or her own blood just before being attached to a heart-lung bypass machine.

This autologous blood is saved and is transfused back to the patient once the heart repair is completed and the patient is off the heart-lung machine.

In the second technique, called hemocon-centration, the child's blood, which normally would be left behind in the heart-lung machine, is retrieved. …

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