Magazine article UNESCO Courier

The Tunis Declaration

Magazine article UNESCO Courier

The Tunis Declaration

Article excerpt

Regional Meeting for Africa

The Ministers and representatives of the African States meeting at Tunis from 2 to 6 November 1992, in the context of preparations for the World Conference on Human Rights, and pursuant to General Assembly resolution 46/116 of 17 December 1991 . . . adopt the present declaration, to be known as the Tunis Declaration, which reflects both their convictions and their expectations:

1. The African States reaffirm their commitment to the principles set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the African Charter on Human and People's Rights.

2. The universal nature of human rights is beyond question; their protection and promotion are the duty of all States, regardless of their political, economic or cultural systems.

3. The proper administration of justice and an independent judiciary are crucial to the full realization of human rights. The attainment of these objectives is, however, impossible without substantial investment in the area of the administration of justice. The African States and the international community are, therefore, called upon to allocate more resources to this area.

4. Responsibility for the implementation and promotion of human rights devolves primarily on Governments. The component institutions, organizations and structures of society also play an important role in safeguarding and disseminating these rights; they should therefore be strengthened and encouraged.

5. The observance and promotion of human rights are undeniably a global concern and an objective to the realization of which all States, without exception, are called upon to contribute. However, no ready-made model can be prescribed at the universal level since the historical and cultural realities of each nation and the traditions, standards and values of each people cannot be disregarded.

6. The principle of the indivisibility of human rights is sacrosanct. Civil and political rights cannot be dissociated from economic, social and cultural rights. None of these rights takes precedence over the others.

7. Political freedom when not accompanied by respect for economic, social and cultural rights is precarious. …

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