Magazine article The Advocate (The national gay & lesbian newsmagazine)

Gay Passion, Gay Pride: America's Most Powerful Gay Magazine Turns 40 This Year. Join Us as We Count Down to Our Gala 40th Anniversary Issue-Because the Celebration Is for You

Magazine article The Advocate (The national gay & lesbian newsmagazine)

Gay Passion, Gay Pride: America's Most Powerful Gay Magazine Turns 40 This Year. Join Us as We Count Down to Our Gala 40th Anniversary Issue-Because the Celebration Is for You

Article excerpt

You could say The Advocate started when the cops pushed around one gay man too many. In 1966 the Los Angeles Police Department was raiding the city's gay bars at will, vandalizing the premises, arresting and roughing up the patrons. One man, Dick Michaels (who, like many of his contemporaries, used a "nom de gay" for self-protection), experienced that abuse and refused to get over it. He wasn't alone. After a brutal raid on New Year's Eve, 1966, at the Black Cat bar in L.A.'s Silver Lake district, a local gay group called PRIDE organized a series of protests in front of the bar. The organization had a newsletter. Dick Michaels rechristened it The, Los Angeles Advocate and later bought it for a dollar. The first edition (left), published in September 1967, was pages long; 500 copies were turned out by hand on a mimeograph in the basement of ABC Studios.

The excerpt below--from 1994's Long Road to Freedom, which follows our growth from those first days--proves that The Advocate owned its provocative personality from the start. Sexy, smart, outraged, outrageous: That's who we are as a magazine, and that's who we are as a people. The Advocate belongs to all of us.

The Advocate's original editor-publisher had an unlikely background for founding the first effective national gay newspaper: He edited a chemical trade journal.

One night in 1966, Dick Michaels, a Ph.D in chemistry, went out with his lover, Bill Rand, to the Red Raven on Melrose Avenue. …

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