Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Comorbid Depression Is Aggravating Factor in ADHD, Yet Goes Undertreated

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Comorbid Depression Is Aggravating Factor in ADHD, Yet Goes Undertreated

Article excerpt

SAN DIEGO -- Youth with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and a history of major or minor depression reported significantly greater levels of functional impairment, family conflict, and adverse and traumatic life events, compared with ADHD youth who had never been depressed, results from a single-center cross-sectional study showed.

Worse yet, depression appears to be undertreated in ADHD youth who have it, Dr. W. Burleson Daviss said in an interview during a poster session at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

The findings are important because research is limited regarding risk factors for depressive disorders when they occur with ADHD. "The mood disorders kids get when they have ADHD are not unlike the disorders kids get if they don't have ADHD," said Dr. Daviss of the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. "They're legitimate diagnoses, and we need to treat them as such."

He and his associates evaluated 104 patients aged 11-18 years with definitive or probable ADHD, based on Kiddie-Sads-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) interviews.

They divided the young people into three groups: those with a history of minor depression, those with a history of major depression, and those who had never been depressed.

The researchers then compared how the groups responded to a battery of tests, including the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, the Children's Depression Rating Scale interview, the Clinical Global Impressions Scale of depression, and the Social Adjustment Scale. …

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